Birth -19 Yrs

Topics: Jean Piaget, Child development, Developmental psychology Pages: 17 (4708 words) Published: March 4, 2013
The sequence of children’s development for each age range is divided into five different aspects SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENT INTELLECTUAL


Student number 20907160Geeta Masih
Unit Assessment 40723/01

The Sequences of development 0 to 16 years
The sequence of children’s development for each age range is divided into five different aspects: *SOCIAL
The Sequence of Children’s Development: 0 to 3 Months
Social Development
Cries to communicate needs to others; stops crying to listen to others Responds to smiles from others; responds positively to others, e.g. family members and even friendly strangers unless very upset (when only main care giver will do!) Considers others only in relation to satisfying own needs for food, drink, warmth, sleep, comfort and reassurance. Physical Department

Sleeps much of the time and grows fast.
Tries to lift head
Starts to kick legs with movements gradually becoming smoother. Starts to wave arms about.
Grasps reflex diminishes as hand and eye coordination begins to develop. Enjoys finger play, e.g. simple finger rhymes.
Becomes more alert when awake.
Learns to roll from side on to back.
Sees best at distance of 25 cm then gradually starts watching objects further away. Needs opportunities to play and exercise, e.g. soft toys, cloth books and play-mat with different textures and sounds.

Intellectual Development Recognises parents; concentrates on familiar voices rather than unfamiliar ones. Aware of different smells
Explores by putting objects in mouth
Observes objects that move; responds to bright colours and bold images Stores and recalls information through images
Sees everything in relation to self (egocentric).
Communication and Language Development
Recognises familiar voices; stops crying when hears them
Aware of other sounds; turns head towards sounds
Responds to smiles; moves whole body in response to sound/to attract attention Pauses to listen to others; makes noises as well as crying e.g. burbling. Emotional Development
Becomes very attached to parent /carer (usually the mother) Experiences extreme emotions e.g. very scared, very happy or very angry; these moods change in an instant Requires the security and reassurance familiar routines

May be upset by unfamiliar methods of handling and care.

The sequence of children’s development: 3 to 9 months
Social Development
Responds positively to other, especially to familiar people such as family members; by 9 months and is very wary of strangers. Communicates with others by making noises and participating in ‘conversation like’ exchanges; responds to own name. Begins to see self as separate from others

Physical Development
Establishes head control; moves head round to follow people and objects. Begins to sit with support; from about 6 months sits unsupported. Rolls over.
May begin to crawl, stand and cruise while holding on to furniture (from about 6 months). Learns to pull self-up to sitting position.
Begins to use palmar grasp and transfers objects from one hand to the other. Develops pincer grasp using thumb and index finger from about 6 months. Continues to enjoy finger rhymes
Drops things deliberately and searches for hidden/dropped objects (from about 8 months). Enjoys water play in the bath
Needs opportunities for...
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