From Slavery To freedom by John Hope Franklin, in chapter 7 the first topic that was brought up was King Cotton. In the domestic slave trade, which took place from 1808-1865. It talked about how technology supported expansion of slave labor. Eli Whitney`s 1794 intervention of the cotton gin. In Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama rapidly grew with the demand for cotton and sugarcane. Growing prosperity in new states caused wave of migrants and greater demand for slaves. This demand resulted in: acquisition of Florida, admission of Missouri as slave state, annexation of Texas, and war of Mexico.
Domestic slave trade augmented westward movement. After 1808 illegalization of Atlantic slave trade and interstate trade between increasingly profitable. From reading it made me come to an understanding that slaves was a product. They was sold by business firms, lottery and by slave trading firms. Also slaves gathered in pens for direct shipment to New Orleans or for resale to other long distance traders. This was ended by the Congressional action in the 1850s.
Capitalist enterprise was mentioned and how slave trade was financially driven. Families separated because slaves brought higher prices when sold individually. What I found interesting was that prices of slaves responded to market factors. As the demand increased, so did the price of slaves, after the financial prices and demand slumped. Slaves code was talked about and how the passage of slave codes accompanied expansion of slavery. Laws were made stricter in this time in response to insurrections. Slaves codes showed that slaves were not people but property. On the plantation, in 1860 ¾ of white people in the south did own slaves.
In chapter 8 started out with freedom`s boundaries. Many states passed laws barring on migration of free blacks. Whites feared that free slaves would threaten slavery; desire to limit black population. Alexis de Tocqueville was paradox...
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