Child Development

Topics: Developmental psychology, Walking, Child development Pages: 1 (251 words) Published: July 6, 2013
Stages of Child Development and Related Developmental Theories Physical development
Age| Gross Motor Skills|
2-3 years

| Walks more rhythmically; hurried walk changes to run. Jumps, hops, throw, and catches with rigid upper body. Pushes riding toy with feet; little steering.| 3-4 years| Walks up stairs, alternating feet, and down stairs, leading with one foot. Jumps and hops, flexing upper body.Throws and catches with slight involvement of upper body; still catches by trapping ball against chest.Pedals and steers tricycle.|

4-5 years| Walks down stairs, alternating feet; runs more smoothly.Gallops and skips with one foot.Throws ball with increased body rotation and transfer of weight on feet; catches ball with hands.Rides tricycle rapidly; steers smoothly.|

5-6 years| Increases running speed to 12 feet per second.Gallops more smoothly; engages in true skipping and sideways stepping.Displays mature, whole-body throwing and catching pattern; increases throwing speed. Rides bicycle with training wheels.|

7-12 years| Increases running speed to more than 18 feet per second.Displays continuous, fluid skipping and sideways stepping.Increases vertical jump from 4 to 12 inches and broad jump from 3 to over 5 feet; accurately jumps and hops from square to square.Increases throwing and kicking accuracy, distance, and speedInvolves the whole body in batting a ball; batting increases in speed and accuracy. Dribbling changes from awkward slapping of the ball to continuous, relaxed, even stroking|

Source from: Laura E. Berk (2006). Physical Growth. Child Development Seventh Edition. P.g. 175
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