Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth -19 years

Topics: Emotion, Infant, Psychology Pages: 15 (3213 words) Published: December 13, 2013
1.1Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth –19 years

Children’s development for each age can be divided into fiver different aspects: Physical; Communication and Language; Intellectual and Cognitive; Social, Emotional and Behavioural and, from the age of 3 years Moral Development.

Birth – 3 weeks

Full term babies are born at around 40 weeks; if they are born more than 3 weeks before the due date they are classed as premature and will then be expected to take a little longer to meet the early development milestones. Newborn babies need to bond with their primary carers from birth. Babies will spend more time sleeping than they will awake.

Physical Development:

At birth babies depend on reflexes such as rooting, grasping and suckling to enable them to feed or grasp. Physical development at this stage is usually very rapid.

Communication and Language Development:

They will cry to communicate hunger, tiredness and distress

Intellectual/Cognitive Development:

They can recognise their mother’s or primary carer’s voice

Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development:

They begin to bond with their primary carers, they need close physical contact with them to feel secure. They are totally dependent on others.

1 Month

This is usually a time of rapid development. They will be sleeping a little less frequently and may be settling into a feeding and sleeping routine. They might begin to communicate with sounds as well as crying and may be beginning to smile.

Physical Development:

When sitting the head falls forwards (head lag) and the back curves. Reflexes persist but the startle reflex is seen less frequently. They will gaze attentively at faces especially when fed and talked to.

Communication and Language Development:

Although still communicating needs by crying will begin to use other sounds and to coo and gurgle in response.

Intellectual/Cognitive Development:

They may be soothed by familiar voices or music and are beginning to use their senses for exploration

Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development:

They begin to smile, respond to sounds and to be engaged by peoples’ faces.

3 Months
Babies will usually by now be far more alert and some may have settled into a routine that includes sleeping through the night. Physical Development:

By 3 months they can usually turn from side to back, lift their head in the prone position arms and legs can wave and kick and hold objects such as a rattle for short periods of time.

Communication and Language Development:

They can usually recognise and link familiar sounds, respond to conversation with sounds and return smiles

Intellectual/Cognitive Development:

By using their senses baby’s are becoming aware that they are a separate person. They also begin to notice objects in their vicinity.

Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development:

They may cry when a primary carer leaves the room as they are still unable to understand that the person will come back. They react positively when a carer is caring kind and soothing but may stop trying to interact if the carer does not react to him or her.

6 Months

Rapid development will have continued. Babies are physically stronger and very alert. They can now express enjoyment and excitement though noises and facial expressions. They can also reach out for objects they are interested in

Physical Development:

At 6 months they can usually turn from front to back, sit unsupported with the head controlled while sitting; bear weight when held in the standing position, and will use a palmar grasp to pick up objects which they can then pass from hand to hand..

Communication and Language Development:

Sounds are used intentionally to attract a carer’s attention. They can babble and enjoy the sounds they make as well as music and rhymes

Intellectual/Cognitive Development:

They are very alert and...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth- 19 Years. Essay
  • Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth – 19 Years Essay
  • Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth – 19 Years. Essay
  • Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth – 19 Years Essay
  • Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth – 19 Years. Essay
  • Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth
  • Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth – 19 Years. Essay
  • Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years. Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free