notes

Topics: Slavery, Atlantic slave trade, African slave trade Pages: 12 (1790 words) Published: September 23, 2014
Chapter 3: The southern colonies in the seventeenth century
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-Rapid population growth - 1580-1650 -3.5 -5 million

Growth strains farming economy
Completion drives up process
Landless poor beginning wandering the roads
Ruling classes sees this as a a threat

Social problems

Poor population becomes mobile.
Influx to Bristol , Liverpool, London
Crowded unsanitary conditions in England
Many die
Many migrate to Ireland , Holland
Big point people migrate to America for many reasons.
Religious freedom escape from c/o/e
desire for land
Escape -jail marriage, debt

English in the Chesapeake

Original Goal =Trading posts
First attempts= Nobile/ merchants ventures
Different from Spanish / French
Joint stock companies
No personal liability
More autonomy
Huge Failure

Jamestown settlement

Merchant organized settlement
1607-104 sent crops , goods, and gold
Land in swampy areas= not good
No freshwater
Did not plant crops
Quickly die -38/104 left after 9 months
Constant struggle to survive
Cannibalism, desperation, horrible existence
Many attempts to repopulate
Death tolls stay high
Disease and malnutrition
land incentives to get continued migration
Remains a struggling colony

Indian War of 1622

Increased migration leads to problems w/natives
Algonquin natives not happy
Land hungry English and conversion attempts
Oopechancanough attacks
Kills 347 English, 1/3 of population
English
10 years of warfare
Massacres
Sold pow's into captivity
James 1=1 alarmed, revokes VA. Co. Charter
Jamestown now a royal colony

Tobacco saves Virginia

John Rolfe
Milder tobacco
Tobacco=east to grow
Sets of English tobacco book
Tobacco , not trade saves VA
Originally small farms
After 1650- Wealthy create large estates
Potential Problem?

Indentured servants

Tobacco boom sets off wave of migration
Landowners need workers
Solution= indentured servants
80% of migrants in 16th century
Almost all poor whites
Migration= 2 steps progress
Indenture agents set up contracts
Contracts purchased by land owners in North America
3/4=0.75 men 15-25, no skills
Leading to gender imbalance in Ches.

Conditions for servants

No control over where they end up
Many sold multiple times
Greatly exploited
Brutal conditions
Time added for small infractions
Beating/ long hours
Men needed permission to marry
Women cannot marry until end of contract
Children= 2 years added
Mosh never escaped contract
1/2 die before end of contract
only 1/4 get property

Lord Baltimore and Catholics in Maryland

Charles 1
Maryland
Refuge of Catholics
Problem
Toleration Acts of 1649- religious freedom to everyone
Long term significance

Chesapeake Society

Young single men
Poor or middle class farmers
Indentured servants
6 to 1 men to women
Fatal
Disease and bad water
Life expectancy 43
25% infant mortality
%50 reach adulthood
Lots of death, short marriages , remarriages orphaned child.
Main goal= tobacco
Wealth disparity
Lots of land and wealth
Servants/poor farmers
Planters dominate all of society
Govt finances public offices
Indentured servants
Underfed, underclothered,, harsh punishment, personal restrictions
Rich get richer
Slaves
Gap widens

Bacons' Rebellion Background

Situation in Virginia
Landowner success
Lucrative middlemen
Gov. Berkeley 1642-1652, 1660
Corrupt
Nepotism
Wealth=power
Susquehannock
Negotiated settlements
Good foe wealthy
Poor farmers
Feel exploited
Land hungry
Attack
Rough militia=unauthorized farmers
Massacre
Susquihannock retaliation
Gov. Berkeley- wants peace
Nathaniel...
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