summarise the main development of a child from the age range 0-2 years, 3-5 years and 5-8 years.

Topics: Childhood, Child development, Developmental psychology Pages: 5 (1612 words) Published: August 23, 2014
Summarise the main development of a child from the age range 0-2, 3-5 and 5-8 years. Assignment 1.1

Development refers to the process of learning new skills and abilities, and acquiring emotional maturity. All developmental changes are the result of both genetic and environmental factors. ‘Child development’ is the term given to the growth of babies through childhood. Although when talking about development we often refer to the ‘average’ child, there is no such thing and we should be more concerned with the child as a whole. Child 0-2 years.

Physical development.
During the first six months of life baby will be able: to lift his head and to kick vigorously; then grasp objects and transfer them from one hand to the other. At six months baby will be able to control their head reasonably well. Around 12 months baby will probably be able to get aroundby either rolling, shuffling or crawling and may even be able to walk unaided. The child may be able to sit unaided for considerable lengths of time. After their first birthday maintaining balance will still be difficult, most babies of this age can manage to climb stairs (under supervision ) and will be able to kneel without support. Children at two years of age should be very mobile. They will be able to walk and ran.

Intellectual development.
From birth to three months babies have ability to focus on objects up to a few inches away from themselves. Around six months babies enjoy bright colours and shiny objects. By the time baby will finish 9 months they will be able to take part in simple games such as peek-a-boo. Around 12 months child’s memory is beginning to develop and they will have ability to remember things. They may be able to clap their hands and wave goodbye. One year old child will begin to understand that people have different preferences. Children around the age of two years enjoy ‘pretend’ play and will often talk to themselves and act out fantasies.

Language development.
During the first six months in baby’s life the only language the babyis capable of expressing is through crying, gurgling, cooing or laughing. It is thought that a child of two years of age will have developed a vocabulary of around 50 words. Children of this age learn to talk at rapid speed and they enjoy taking part in conversations.

Emotional development.
By the time a child has reached their first birthday they will have to become aware of the moods of other people and will often react accordingly. Babies enjoy being with people they are familiar with. Many children of around the age of two years become easily distressed about things they are unsure of or do not understand. The child’s sense of identity progresses rapidly at this age and their memory increases.

Social development.
Babies of six months are very sociable. They may begin to feed themselves with finger foods as their social skills begin to develop. Between 9-12 months they will be able to entertain themselves for lengthy periods of time and will enjoy music and nursery rhymes. A whole new world is opening up socially to a one year old child; by now they will have to develop a sense of identity. Two years old child will enjoy carrying out simple tasks and learning how to dress and feed themselves. Child 3-5 years old.

Physical development.
Children of this age will be able to run, walk forwards, backwards and sideways, jump from low heights, balance on one foot and walk on their tip toes. By their fourth birthday they should now be able to catch, kick, throw and bounce a ball. By the time a child reaches their fifth birthday they should have mastered how to use a variety of equipment. They will be confident playing simple ball games, be able to hop skip and move to music. Intellectual development.

Around age of four children will understand the concept of past and future. By their fifth birthday many children will be able to count confidentially and recognise simple words. They will become increasingly...
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