TDA 2.1 Learning outcome 1.1

Topics: Jean Piaget, Child development, Developmental psychology Pages: 16 (6360 words) Published: May 19, 2014
TDA 2.1
Child and Young person

All children develop uniquely, but there are milestones set as a general pattern of development for children to achieve certain goals at a certain point in their growth. These milestones help us recognise the differences between individuals against the norm. Holistic development sees each child even babies as a whole person as they develop physically, emotionally, intellectually, socially, morally, culturally and spiritually. The different areas of holistic development for children and young people are; Physical development

There are two main areas in physical development for children to progress in; Gross motor skills – the large muscle’s used for walking and climbing. Fine motor skills which breaks down into; gross manipulative skills – single limb movements for example moving small objects and shaking toys and fine manipulative skills – the precise use of hands and fingers for example platting hair or writing. Sensory development is also a part of physical development, it’s how we receive information using our senses. Cognitive development

Also known as intellectual development or development of the mind to recognise, reason, know and understand. Perception involves people understanding the use of their senses and is affected by previous experiences for example tasting a food you don’t like, and be cautious to try it again. It can also be affected by a person’s knowledge and emotional state. Communication is how we send and receive messages to each other, we will use all our senses to do this although the main method used is speech as it perceives the most meaning. Sign language and writing are other common forms of communication. Personal development

This focuses on how children use their knowledge, personal capabilities and thinking skills in life. As well as relationship skills, emotional awareness and their values. Social development
This focuses on how a child develops relationships with other people, the skills and attitudes they use to interact and make bonds to enable them to fit in. Emotional development
This is how children deal with feelings and the growth of feelings about their selves and create a self-esteem. It also looks at the growth of feelings towards other people. Moral and Spiritual development

This is how children understand right and wrong, value honesty and respect, and can be responsible for their own actions and can relate to others ethically, morally and humanely.

Pattern of development
Play is vital to children it helps them grow and gives them constant opportunities in all the different aspects of their own development. From a very young age it can give them the chance to be creative and stimulate their imagination. It can develop their confidence and self-esteem which in return will help them understand their own potential and feel competent in what they are doing. Games can develop problem-solving skills as well as help them to control emotions. Play can also promote reading, thinking and motor skills. They will develop relationships with others and can teach values and ethics which will help them interpret the world. Development begins with a simple actions like standing which will become more complex as they grow and progress they will then walk and then run. Development also moves down the body for example a baby will first lift its head then moving down to the arms and fingers as they learn to lift and grasp toys, it will then move down as they sit up and finally down to the legs and feet as they learn to stand and walk. Development begins close to the body and progresses to more complicated actions further away. For example a baby will use gross motor skills to reach out to an object before using the fine motor skills of fingers to grasp it and pick it up. However puberty is a development that works opposite and begins on the outside and works its way in. Development also grows from a general...
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