1.1 Summarising the main aspects of a child’s development 0-2, 3-5 and 5-8 years.
After a baby is born their physical development starts with lying on their back, touching their toes and discovering their fingers, they can also turn their head to smell their mother’s breast. As the child grows it will become more agile and begin to hold its own head, shuffle, crawl and eventually walk unaided. At the age of two they will be more confident on their feet and even start to throw a ball. By the age of four a child’s activeness may vary but most should be hopping, skipping and jumping. At five and upwards the child will be able to dodge, run and climb also their balance and coordination will have improve greatly. They will have increased stamina and may enjoy things like swimming and gymnastics. Intellectual
After birth, a baby can focus on objects a metre away and can make eye contact. As the baby gets older it will show interest in bright lights and colours, imitate facial expressions. At nine months a child will start to remember thing and build memories and learn a lot through observation. As the child grows their imagination with pretend play continues as they learn more about the world around them. By the time a child is four it will be able to draw recognisable objects and be confidently threading beads onto a string. From five their drawing should be more detailed, they should be able to remember more things like name, age and address. Between the ages of five and eight years they should be competent with writing and simple maths. Language
When a baby is born their language skill is limited to crying, gurgling and cooing. As the baby gets older it will learn to chuckle, laugh and babble. When the baby is about eight to twenty months a baby will babble constantly and often use expression. Also they will have discovered music and love to make sound. Between the ages of three and five they should be able to recite songs and nursery rhymes. At five a child should be able to chat about the past, present and future. From six to eight years a child should adequately be able to express themselves, able to describe object and give opposite meanings. Emotional
A baby around five to six weeks old will being to smile, at around three to six months baby is trusting and like to be around other people even though baby now realises it only has one mother. As a baby grows around eight to twenty months becoming a toddler they will usually enjoy socialising and are happiest with people they know. Toddlers will often imitate the moods of people around them and develop self-confidence. As they reach two their emotions are strong and the toddler may have difficulty controlling them and begin to take pleasure in learning new skills. By the time the child reaches five they will have likes and dislikes, become more in control of their feelings and begin to understand how their behaviour can affect others. At the age of six to eight a child will form close friendships. They like to engage in co-operative play and know how to control their emotions. Social
From birth to three months the baby enjoys the physical contact like when feeding and cuddling and be soothed by contact with their carer. At nine month they will enjoy playing with toys and will play alone for some time. By the time they reach the age of two they should be able to carry out simple tasks like dressing, and feeding themselves. By the age of five they should be able to show sympathy and forgiveness, share and take turns, at six to eight years they become less sociable and prefer spending time alone or with a special friend. 1.2 Analyse Key Social, Economic and Environmental Factors which May Influence Development.
The social factor of development begins with love, if a child has no way of feeling loved from a parent or carer it can certainly affect their development. Feeling unloved can make a child feel uncomfortable and upset “often a child who...
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