Summarise the main development of a child from the age range 0-2 years, 3-5 years and 5-8 years
Development is the process of learning new skills and abilities. During this process of development, it is important to realise that children are individuals, so although they will all go through the same stages of development, they will not necessarily do so at the same time. The following developmental stages listed below show a guideline to what can be expected from each child during that stage.
During the first two years of a child’s life, a new born baby will go from being a helpless new born that can literally just lie there, through to being able to walk, kick a ball and climb stairs. This is achieved by stages of lying, rolling, crawling, pulling themselves up to a standing position and eventually walking. Their coordination starts to drastically improve in these early years
A baby will go from its first instincts of rooting for its milk from a breast, to acting out role play and making sounds from instruments. This development stage shows a growth in stimulation and their memory being used to start understanding more complex emotions and reasoning. They begin by mimicking actions, like waving goodbye, peek-a-boo to having more independent ideas of how to express themselves to others.
A baby’s first cry is seen as a great relief for parents that their baby has arrived in this world. That cry goes on to be the baby’s way of communicating its wants and needs over the next few months. When a child is on it’s way to becoming one, they start to develop a good understanding of simple instructions like wave goodbye, what noise does a cow make etc. And they are able to make some of the noises. By the time the child comes to the end of infancy, their language and understanding of language, would have increased significantly. They will be gaining more words in their vocabulary and although not able to say a lot of them, will have a definite understanding of what they mean when they hear them.
From birth to two years, a child goes on a roller coaster of emotional development. Recognition of their primary carer is their first emotional attachment of feeling safe and comfortable in their surroundings. This attachment soon develops in to a fear of being left alone when their carer goes out of sight. This soon starts to settle as their circle of trust widens and they feel happy being left with people they feel familiar with. By the age of one, they also start to pick up on people’s moods and behaviour. By the end of this infancy stage, children can start to develop emotions of distress, for example a child that once went to sleep easily at night, now has the emotional capability of understanding a fear of the dark and goes back to being needed to be reassured. Their memories are now expanding rapidly.
A child’s social development starts from merely having a cuddle from their main carer when they are upset to wanting to dress as Superman as it is a picture they recognise. Babies will grow from having to be stimulated constantly by their carer, to being able to devise their own entertainment such as dressing up or using their toys for make believe. Their development is gaining in independence and with this brings confidence in their actions.
During these years a child’s physical development has come on leaps and bounds. They are able to use their bodies with a lot more confidence. They are able to run, walk, jump and more physically able and adept when it comes to ball games and hand eye coordination. They will start to enjoy music and dancing and their drawings will start to become stronger in their likeness for what they are trying to resemble.
Between the ages...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document