Child and young person development
Complete the following four tables showing the different stages of development against the different ages, and identify how development is holistic by showing links to other developmental aspects.
1. Physical development
2. Intellectual development
3. Communication development
4. Social, emotional and behavioural development
Table 1: Physical development
Description of the stage
An example of how this impacts on another aspect of development. 0 – 3 months
Able to lift their heads a little while lying on their stomachs, watch objects for a short period of time, make gurgling sounds and move away from uncomfortable sensations like a tickle. Emotional development. It links to this area as they are able to feel the emotions, when being tickled, therefore are able to move away. 3 – 6 months
Prop themselves up while lying on their stomachs, recognize a bottle or breast, smile at someone, move their hands and feet and follow moving objects with their eyes. Can hold their heads up for a long time, laugh, roll from their front to their back, grab onto objects and make speech-like sounds.
Physical and emotional development as the child is able to recognise the milk bottle and know that there feed is coming next. 6 – 9 months
Can move objects between their hands and also to their mouths, sit without support, coo, roll around and turn towards sounds.
Physical and emotional development, as they can turn towards sounds, so they can act towards it. For example, if it was a sound they didn’t like, or are not familiar with, their emotions may lead them to cry/ get upset. 9 – 12 months
Can sit alone and change positions, say simple words like "mama" and "dada," crawl around, respond to familiar faces and respond to their name. Communication and physical development, as they are starting to communicate, using simple words. 1 – 2 years
Will respond to questions, recognize photos, understand directions, kick a ball, turn the pages of a book and construct simple phrases. Communication, social, physical and intellectual development, as they are able to respond to questions and recognise things, which builds there development stages. 2 – 4 years
walk up stairs holding the railing, work with buttons, hop on one foot, open doors, stack objects, ask and answer simple questions and speak clearly.
Intellectual development and physical development, as they are able to understand how to work toys and object, etc. 4 – 7 years
Can hop in place; throw a ball above their heads; wash their hands; copy a drawing; play with others; know their own gender, age and name; and recognize the six basic colours. Can run on tiptoe, understand time, write the alphabet, use correct grammar, play well with other kids and put on their shoes.
Physical, communication, intellectual development, as they are able to understand what objects are for, such as throwing a ball. 7 – 12 years
Enjoy activities that involve precise movements, such as hopscotch or skipping games. Interested in talking, listening, and reading and writing and enjoy games with rules. Start to have a clear sense of right and wrong and see friendships as very important.
Communication development, as their speech is improving and is interested in talking a lot. 12 – 16 years
Start to hit puberty. Getting spots/ acne, growing hair, change of moods.
Emotional development, as their emotions will change, while going through coping with the changes their body is going through. 16 – 19 years
Start to create own personal identity based upon the integration of values and a sense of self in relation to society, others, the opposite sex, the future, vocations, ideas, and the cosmos. To establish independence from the family.
Emotional and intellectual development, as their starting to understand the feelings towards...
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