October 13, 2012
A Five Year Old's Development
As a new parent you always seem to wonder if your child is on the right track of development. Are they walking at the right time? Are they going through potty training at a normal time? Are they reading and writing at a normal age? Each child is different and will develop at their own speed. Some might catch on quickly to tying their shoes, while others might take a little while longer. Here are a some general milestones children in the five year old age group can relate to.
Growth spurts in five year olds may differ from one to the other as they all grow at different speeds. Your child might be experiencing a growth spurt, while its peers may not hit a growth spurt until years later. The growth rate during preschool years is generally much slower and steadier than the first few years of the childs life. Kids at this age are beginning to lose teeth which will soon be replaced by permanent ones. Breathing becomes slower and deeper, the heart beats more slowly and steadily, blood pressure increases, and the bladder gets larger allowing the child to withstand longer periods without going to the restroom. Growth at this age is usually occuring mostly in the legs and trunk of their bodies. Five year olds average about 41 pounds in weight and 43 inches in height. Girls are only slightly smaller and lighter than boys during early childhood years (santrock 123). A childs weight and height is influenced by many factors including diet, exercise, illness, emotion, and genetics. Adequate nutrition, a sleep schedule obtaining at least 10-12 hours of rest, and exercise can all play a positive roll in your childs growth. (extension.unh.edu)
Children at this age are beginning to fine-tune their motor development skills. Five year olds have tons of energy. They find inactivity difficult and are constantly seeking activity within games and their environment. They have learned to balance and coordinate their movements allowing them to participate in activities like swimming, jumping rope, riding bicycles, skipping, hopping, and walking a balance beam. They are able to run and walk in a mature manner and are able to manage the direction, speed, and quality of their movements. By this age, they are developing skills needed to understand rules of sports such as soccer and baseball, and they can understand and incorporate rules in games such as "tag". They have developed hand-eye coordination which allows them to bounce and catch balls. (pbs.org)
Kids in this age group are able to sit and pay attention for longer periods of time in classroom settings. They are also capable of performing classroom tasks such as writing, painting, cutting and pasting, and coloring within the lines. They can copy shapes, draw people, and prints some letters including their first names. This age group can perform tasks related to eating and grooming effectively. They can manage zippers and buttons, dress themselves, tie their shoes. And they are normally showing a preference for being right or left-handed by this time.(childparenting.about.com)
Children at this age are becoming more independant. They are wanting to do most things on their own. They'll be brushing their teeth & hair and washing & drying their hands before eating and after using the restroom. Most will also be able to clean up without constant supervision. They will also be aware of rules and how to follow them. Children at this age should already be informed about fire safety, and will be capable of responding appropriately in emergency situations.(raisingchildren.net)
Accidents are the number one cause of death for children. Most of these deaths can be prevented with some basic safety guidelines. Car seats and booster seats should be used until they reach the proper height and weight standards to do otherwise. Make sure your child always wears a helmet and...
Cited: Santrock, John. Essentials of Life-Span Development. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2012. Print.
pbsparents.org. "Physical Development: 4-5 Years" Raisingchildren.net. 23 Feb. 2011. Web. 13 Oct. 2012
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