Alicia Hall Final Research Legalization of Marijuana

Topics: Cannabis, Hashish, Global Marijuana March Pages: 12 (3498 words) Published: January 28, 2015
Alicia Hall
Emily Pasmore
English II
12/04/2014
The Legalization of Marijuana
The time has come to alter the way people understand marijuana and its effects. Marijuana, which is legal in some states for recreational, therapeutic and pharmaceutical purposes, should be legalized in all states because it is safer than legal prescriptions, alcohol, and tobacco, and it would bring a lot of income for the state and federal governments, but there do need to be some restrictions established. Some of the authors point out that the people who are arrested for possession of marijuana are otherwise normal law abiding citizens meaning they are being held with murders and rapist. It is evident here that marijuana should not be in the same category as these other dangerous drugs and crimes. Marijuana should be legal at state and federal levels for medicinal and recreational use based on the information collected here. The legalization of marijuana could generate a lot of tax revenue from an underground industry that has been going strong for more than fifty years. Despite the government attempts to stop the selling of marijuana, people still take the chance and buy it anyway knowing the consequences. If the government would legalize marijuana they could then place a tax on not only the sale but the production as well. If they were to tax it the same as the “sin tax” like alcohol and cigarettes the amount of money that could be made is in the billions. Government spends more money on courts and finding these people than what it generates from fines after they are caught. In June of 2005, a professor of economics visiting Harvard University, Jeffrey A. Miron wrote “The Budgetary Implications of Marijuana Prohibition,” published by cannabis-comerce.com. In this article Jeffrey Miron calculates the amount of savings and the revenue that would generate from legalization of Marijuana. Miron estimates that a total of $7.7 billion would be saved each year in government expenditure on enforcement of prohibition. Miron states that of that $5.3 billion would be from state and local governments. $2.4 billion would be savings at the federal level. Miron also estimates $2.4 billion tax revenue every year if marijuana was taxed like other goods. Which if taxed like beer and cigarettes it would generate $6.2 billion per year. Miron takes into account the arrest made due to the marijuana prohibition for each state, the expenditures attributable to marijuana prohibition for each state, the federal expenditure, and the tax revenue by population and by consumption for every state. Miron main point is that not only does prohibition cost the government but it also prevents a taxation of the production and sales on marijuana. This articles most important information is that the government does if fact get some revenue from the law as it is yet the amount that would be gained from the legalization is greatly more than right now. Miron asserts that legalization of marijuana is more substantial than just the decriminalization of marijuana. Miron most valuable statement is that there are three reasons why this is true. It would get rid of arrest for trafficking in addition to possession charges. The second reason Miron lists is that it would save expenses in the prosecution, courts, and the cost of incarceration. Miron uses multiple equations to formulate all the figures in his report. Miron utilizes tables to show each states’ percent of arrest against those that were only marijuana possession, the expenditures at the police, judicial, corrections and the total, also the tax revenue by population and by consumption. Miron has clearly done all the math verifying that the federal and state government would make more profit from the legalization of marijuana than the current system in place, prohibition. Miron weighs out the amount that is currently being profited from the payment of fines and the seizures they receive from these arrest. Miron report is very...

Cited: Basu, Rohan. "Should Marijuana Be Legalized? An Ethical Analysis of Marijuana and Institutional Corruption in the United States" Psu.edu. N.p., 16 Dec. 2013. Web. 06 Nov. 2014.
McVay, Douglas. "Marijuana Legalization: The Time Is Now." Sage Publications, Inc. Sagepub.com, N.p. 05 Jan. 2010. Web. 6 Nov. 2014.
Miron, Jeffrey A. "The Budgetary Implications of Marijuana Prohibition, Marijuana Policy Project,” Cannabis-commerce.com. N.p. June 2005. Web. 6 Nov. 2014.
Steenblik, Stephen, Euclides Cruz, Junho Kwak, and Herny Zhorzh. "Should Marijuana Be Legalized?"Euclidescruz.yolasite.com. N.p., 29 July 2013. Web. 6 Nov. 2014.
Voth, Eric A., and Richard H. Schwartz. "Medicinal Applications of Delta-9- Tetrahydrocannabinol and Marijuana." Annals of internal medicine vol. 126 number 10. (Pages 791-798). Np 15 May 1997. Web. 6 Nov. 2014.
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