Angela Becerra HM CHP3 4 5

Topics: Developmental psychology, Child development, Jean Piaget Pages: 7 (2051 words) Published: July 7, 2015
Angela Becerra
Homework
M & W 5:40pm to 9:00 pm
Chapter 3 Infancy
Module 3.1 Physical Development in Infancy
L01,L02 & L03
1. The Cephalocaudal principle states that growth begins with the head and proceeds down to the rest of the body; the proximodistal principle states that development proceeds from the center of the body outward. 2. The process of synaptic pruning allows established neurons to build stronger networks and reduces unnecessary neurons during the first 2 years of life. True 3. Although brain development is largely genetically predetermined, it is also susceptible to environmental experiences; the ability of the brain to be modifiable by the environment is called: Plasticity. L04 & L05

1. Behavior becomes integrated through the development of rhythms, which are repetitive, cyclical patterns of behavior. 2. Which of the following is NOT one of the consequences of malnutrition during infancy? Malnourished children sleep, on average, 6 to 8 hours less than nonmalnourished children of the same age. 3. Breastfeeding has been associated with enhanced cognitive growth. True. L07 & L08

1. Sensation is the physical stimulation of the sense organs. 2. We know that infants experience pain because their heartbeat increases, they sweat, they show discomfort and their crying changes tone. True 3. The multimodal approach to perception considers how information that is collected by various individual sensory systems is integrated and coordinated. Module 3.2 Cognitive Development in Infancy

L09 & L10
1. According to Piaget, children can move from one cognitive stage to another only when a child reaches an appropriate level of physical maturation and is exposed to relative experiences. 2. Infants’ schemes for understanding the world usually involve their physical or sensorimotor activities. True 3. In general, when it comes to infant cognitive development, it appears that Piaget Underestimated infant’s and what they could do. L011 & L012

1. The information processing approach to cognitive development emphasizes the increased sophistication, speed and capacity associated with cognitive growth. 2. Infants have memory capabilities from a very early age. Although the duration and accuracy of such memories are unresolved questions. True 3. When Justin first learned to drive a stick shift he had a difficult time coordinating the movements associated with the clutch, the gas, and the gear shift. After much practice the motions became more fluid and each component of the process required less attention. According to the information processing model, this would be an example of automatization. L013 & L014

1. Like other 2-year-old, Mason can say doggie bye, bye and milk gone. These two-word phrases are example holophrastic of speech. 2. One theory, the nativists approach, suggests that a genetically determined, innate mechanism directs language development. 3. Whenever 9-month-old Ana’s mother talks to her, she uses short, simple sentences, repetitive words, and higher pitches. This shift in languages is consistent with the use of infant-directed speech. Module 3.3 Social and Personality Development in Infancy

L015 & L016
1. Stranger anxiety is the caution and wariness expressed by infants when encountering an unfamiliar person. 2. Marcel had been attending day care without incident since he was 6 weeks old. Now at around 14 months he starts to express difficulty when his mother leaves. He cries, shouts “No!” and then grabs her leg as she attempts to leave for work. Which of the following concepts best explains Marcel’s change behavior? separation anxiety 3. When Darius bumped his knee on the table, he glazed at his mother to look at her reaction. When he saw that she was alarmed, he began crying. This is an example of empathy.

L017 & L018
1. Attachment is the positive emotional bond that develops between a child and a particular individual. 2. Children who are attached to their primary caregivers feel...
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