Assessing the feasibility of surrogacy
The Bible has documented the first old fashioned surrogate pregnancy case (through copulation) in which a handmaiden carried a baby for her infertile mistress. With the modern reproductive technology, the first surrogacy arrangement traces back to 1976 when lawyer Noel Leane took over the first legal agreement case between a commissioning couple and a surrogate which is also known as Baby M. Though surrogacy has been introduced for a certain period of time, many countries have not legalized this modern way of reproduction. Surrogacy refers an arrangement in which a woman carries and delivers a child for another couple or person. Surrogacy remains questionable due to the rupture of traditional foetal maternal bond, the physiological impact on all parties and the rise of complications even with little evidence that it does help solve the infertility problem and provide job opportunities for surrogates. It has been suggested that surrogacy is a better treatment option for women who are infertile. A study (Brinsden, 2003) reveals that the pregnancy and live birth rates per genetic couple and per surrogate host are equivalent to or even higher that standard intra vitro fertilization. However, what surrogacy has missed out when compared to IVF is the experience of pregnancy. The surrogate’s womb is like a hotel in ideal cases where she could easily relinquish her child right after giving birth. However, the bond between a mother and a child is not simply established after the baby’s birth but also during the pregnancy. It is an intense attachment which is essential for parents to protect and nourish the baby with love and affection. A hormone oxytocin is released during pregnancy which makes the mother care more of the baby and is absent in the commissioning couple. The foster mother lacks oxytocin so her bond with the baby will not be as intact as the traditional foetal maternal bond is the baby’s first model for intimate...
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