SECTION A (i) UNIT 137: 1.1 TIMELINE OF DEVELOPMENTAL NORMS FROM BIRTH TO 19 YEARS - AREA OF DEVELOPMENT: PHYSICAL Newborn– 6 months
9 months –15mts
18 Months – 3 Years
4 – 5 Years
6 – 7 Years
8 – 12 Years
13 to 19 Years
When placed on back will turn their heads till one side.
*responds to mothers voice, can clench their fists with thumbs tucked under fingers make eye contact and cry to indicate need, will stare at bright lights and shiny objects, starled at loud sudden noise, indicate need by crying, keeps head turned to one side *starts to lift lead
*Fists go to their mouth
*Hands open from time to time
*Follow slow movement of toys
*smiles at people
*Can keep head in central position
*Can hold rattles
*respomd when their name is called
*Don.t like sudden loud noises
*Loud cry when expressing needs
*Loves attention and cuddles
Can sit unsupported on floor for a period of 10-15 minutes. Is able to lean forward to pick up an object while maintaining balance. Can rotate body to look sideways and reach out to grasp a suspended object or to pick up a toy from the floor. Demonstrates energetic movements of entire body while in cot, pram or bath. Is able to advance across the floor by using rolling or squirming movements. Makes attempts to crawl and is occasionally successful. Has the ability to strand by using surrounding objects as support to achieve an upright position. But is unable to lower themselves back to the floor in a controlled fashion. When supported in a standing position, can take steps using alternative feet. Demonstrates a visual awareness of people, objects and events which occur in the environment. When offered an object, they will reach out to grab it. Handles objects eagerly and inquisitively, using hands to manipulate them for examination. Pokes at small objects with index finger and uses same finger to point at objects which are out of reach. Can pick up small objects between finger and thumb in a crude ‘pincer’ hold. Can release a held object by dropping it, but is unable to set it down in a controlled manner. Correctly follows the direction of fallen objects, including those falling out of sight. Observes actions of adjacent adults, children and animals with interest for period of a few minutes. Become steady on their feet and display more controlled movements. Can carry an object such as a toy whilst walking.
Can climb onto a large chair and turn to sit on it.
Kneel without any support and squat to pick up an object.
Begin to run steadily but cannot avoid objects.
Begin to walk upstairs using a railing, putting two feet on each step. Point to objects that they recognise.
Build a small tower using 3-4 blocks.
Hold their own spoon when feeding themselves.
Hold a pencil with their whole hand or between the thumb and the first two fingers, known as primitive tripod grasp. Can thread large beads onto lace.
walks or run by self up and down steps.
can stand ,walk and hop.
Skilfully climbs trees.
Rides a trike expertly .
Able to cross arms and legs.
Able to throw, catch,
Bounce and kick a ball.
Dance to music
Able to walk on a fine line
Able to stand alone on 1 foot for about 1o seconds
Can stretch touch toes without moving knees.
Can grip strongly with both hands.
Able to hop a short distance using both feet.
Jump from objects with confidence
Able to run and jump avoiding objects
Hop with good balance and using both feet and kick a football Able to throw and catch with accuracy
Use a two wheeled bicycle with or without stabilisers
Skip alternating feet
Build towers with blocks high and straight
Hold a pencil, write numbers or letters, write their own name May start writing simple stories
Walk along bean using arms for balance
Use apparatus with skill
Use colours naturalistic (green for grass/blue for sky
Draw people with features
Use a large needle to sew
Can ride a 2 wheeled bike quite easily...
Bibliography: Meggitt, C., (2006), Child Development, An Illustrated Guide, Birth to 16 Years, 2nd Edition, Heinemann, Oxford.
Sheridan, M. D., (revised and updated by M. Frost and Dr A. Sharma), (195597), “From Birth to Five Years, Children’s Developmental Progress”, Routledge, London and New York.
Macleod-Brudenell,I. and Kay,J., (2008),” Advanced Early Years for Foundation Degrees and Level 4/5”, (2nd Edition), Heinemann/Pearson Education Ltd,Harlow Essex.
HURD,A.(2010) Early Intervention and Active Teaching. September pages 12 & 13
VISSER,J. (2000) Key to Early Intervention. March pages 46 & 47
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