Chandni s Child Dev

Topics: Child development, Jean Piaget, Developmental psychology Pages: 16 (4450 words) Published: January 11, 2015
I will be looking at the different types of developments which children experience and the children’s developmental norms. These are the patterns that children are expected to follow. However, as every child is their own individual and unique not all of them will develop as expected as some may be forward whilst others may be behind. I will also be looking at ways different factors affect children development, how to monitor children and young people’s development and what interventions should be taken if they are not followed. Also different transitions that children may potentially face and ways in which they affect the children. Understand the expected patterns of development for Children and Young People from birth – 19 years. Physical Development

Physical development is the way in which the body increases in skill and becomes more complex in performance. It is categorised into two areas. These are Gross Motor Skills (GMS) and Fine Motor Skills (FMS). GMS allows you to use your large muscles such as walking, running, climbing etc. FMS involves single limb movements using the arms such as throwing and catching. It also include Fine Manipulative Skills which involves the use of the hands and fingers for doing activities such as pointing, writing, doing up shoelaces or using a fork and knife or chopsticks. Intellectual Development

Intellectual development is the development of the mind. Part of the brain is used to recognising, reasoning, knowing and understanding. It also involves perception which includes people making sense of what they see, hear, smell, taste and touch. Perception is often affected by previous experiences and knowledge, and may be from the person's emotional state at the time. Communicational and Language Development

Communicational skills look at the way in which a child may speak, or say something, this may be through talking, hugging, crying, babbling etc. Language development is the development of communicational skills. This can include skills such as receptive speech which what a person understands, expressive speech which is the words that a person produces and articulation which is the way in which a person actually pronounces words. Emotional, Social and Behavioural Development

Emotional development involves the way in which a person feels. This could be about the growth of feeling about oneself, the development of feelings towards somebody else or the development of self-esteem and self-concept. Social development involves the growth of a child's relationship with other people. Socialisation is the process of learning which involves every child and helps improve is which a child lives within a society. Behavioural developments looks at the way a child's attitude and views change due to different factors in their lives. Moral Development

According to Meggitt.C 2006 “Moral development consists of developing awareness of how to relate to others ethically, morally and humanely. It involves the understanding values such as honesty and respect, and acquiring concepts such as right and wrong and responsibility for the consequences of ones actions.”

0 to 6 months
Physical Development
According to Meggitt. C 2006 “When placed on their front, babies will lie with their head turned to one side, the buttocks humped up and the knees tucked under the abdomen.” - this is an example of Gross Motor Skills. Babies will usually hold their hands closed tightly but their hands may open up during feed or when their hand has been stroked. Their hands are often tucked under their fingers. This is an example of Fine motor skills. Babies will turn their head to looks at shiny objects or a bright light. They will blink in response to a sound or movement

They will start to show a preference of whether they prefer sweet tastes over salty, sour tastes. If something is put into a babies mouth, they will automatically start to suck or swallow it. If an object or finger is put into a babies palm, they will...

Meggit, C. (2006). Child Development. An Illustrated Guide, 2nd Edition
Tassoni,P. (2010) Level 3. Children & Young People’s Workforce. Early Learning and Childcare
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