There are three aspects of development, these are:
Physical development : Physical development refers to the body increasing in skill and performance and includes : gross motor development ,this is where large muscles are used for example legs and arms and fine motor development , this is the precise use of muscles for example ,the use of hands and fingers. Social emotional and behavioural development: This is the development of a child’s self-image and the development of relationships in their lives. It can also refer to the way children learn to play with others around them and how they express their feelings and how they control their own behaviour. Communication and intellectual development: This is learning the skills of understanding memory and concentration and how to communicate with friends, family and others,
From birth to 19 years of age, children and young people follow a developmental plan. Although children and young people are different in many ways, the way they grow and develop is similar ,this allows a pattern for development and from this we observe particular skills or milestones that most children can do at different ages.
Babies at birth (New born)
Most babies are born around the 40th week of pregnancy and it is very rare that a baby is born on its due date. When babies are born they don’t normally understand what is happening or realise they are a separate person, most new-borns aren’t aware who is feeding them, or who comforts them when they cry. New born babies will often cry when they are hungry or when they are tired, many parents think they their child is crying for their attention but this isn’t the case as a new born is not capable of responding to someone with any conscious purpose. These few things would suggest that new born are helpless but when they are born they are able to adapt very quickly.
Physical development of a new born
Physical development begins at the head and will works downwards, this allow the new born to control their head and neck movements before they try to control the rest of their body. Furthermore, gross motor control is developed before fine motor skills; this allows them to control the less precise movements of their arms and legs before them able to control movement of their hands, fingers and toes.
Development of the senses
Stimulating senses through play, you will help to ensure that their development progresses healthily and prepare them for more complex learning in later life.
Common New-born Behaviour
Hiccups. -Hiccups are very common during the new born period. Some babies’ get them even before they are born. Hiccups tend to become less frequent and go away over the first weeks of life.
The Startle Reflex. When a new born is startled, they will often extend their arms and legs, and place their arms on their chest. . Crying often accompanies this reflex.
The Grasp Reflex. A new born can't deliberately grasp or pick up most objects, the grasp reflex allows them to hold on to a small objects and in most cases an adults finger.
The Rooting Reflex. When you stroke a new-born’s cheek it will sometimes cause them to open their mouths and turn their head towards the side that was stroked. This reflex is particularly useful t when attempting to get a baby to latch on the mother’s nipple.
Babies at one month,
In only the space of a month a one month old baby will appear less curled up and will look much more relaxed, they tend to sleep a lot more but will gradually start to spend longer times awake. Also at this stage they will try to focus on who is holding and feeding them.
By the end of month one a baby typically
Lifts head for short periods of time
Moves head from side to side
Makes a lot more arm and leg movements
Touch their faces
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