child and young person development TDA

Topics: Infant, Child development, Developmental psychology Pages: 19 (2202 words) Published: January 2, 2015


Name: Karolina Chodynska

Physical Development

Birth
Most of babies lie on their back. Usualy babies are born with reflexes, such as swallowing and sucking, holding an object thet touch the palm of their hand, reacting to noise and light by hand and leg movement.

1 month
Usualy 1mth old babies are more relaxed, they develop their reflexes.

3 months
Usualy babies at 3 months can lift and turn their head, they grown, and they know the difference between day and night. 6 months
Most of 6 mth old babies can seat with support, roll over, grab a toy and play with them by passing them from hand to hand and putting them in their mouth. 9 months
Most of babies at this stage can crawl, roll, bum shuffle, or move in any other way, they can seat without support, they can also feed themselves using their fingers.

Physical Development

1 year
Majority of 1 years old can stand up by holding onto things and walking along furniture or when someone hold their hands, but some may be already walking. They can crawl very quickly and pick small things up. 18 months

Most of 18 month childrens can move quickly, can walk up and down the stairs with help, and are able to feed themselves with a spoon. 2 years
Usualy childrens at the age of 2 are confident walkers, can run, climb, build with bricks and pick up things and play with them. 3 years
3 years old usualy are able to pedalling, climbing on things, look independently at the books and turning pages, walk up and down the stairs on alternate foot, at this age they may be also potty trained.

4 years
Most of 4 years old are becoming more independent with feeding, dressing, riding a tricucle, climbing, playing ball games, using their hands to cut things with scissors or do simple threading,

Physical Development

5 years
Usualy childrens age 5 improve their balance and can balance on one foot for short time, walk along a thin line and they're more energetic.

6 years
Childrens at this age usualy can hop, skip, jump and walk more steadily on beams, they can also write and draw more accurately.

7 years
Most of 7 years old are able to stand on one foot with their eyes closed for few seconds, jump rope catch and bounce tennis ball, tie shoelaces, and ride a bike withous stabilisers.

8-12 years
Most of the childens between 8 and 12 years old will be skilled and confident with using their hands for drawing and writing and also with playing ball games and throwing, kicking, catching and using body movements.

Physical Development

12-16 years
Usualy childrens at this stage experiencing changes in their body shapes and puberty. Some of the childrens, mainly girls, may be fully developed by the age of 17.

17-19 years
At this stage girls usualy finished going through puberty, but most of boys will still be developing until they reach 18 years old.

Intellectual Development

Birth
New born babies usualy develop by doing simple reflex activities.

1 month
Most of 1 months old babies are repetitively opening and closing their fingers.

3 months
3 months old babies usualy are visualy alerted and follow peoplemwith their eyes. They also watch their hans a lot as they press palms together and close their hands.

6 months
Most of 6 month old babies grabs a toy with both hands and wath it as they pass toy from one hand to another and watch it fall.

9 months
9 months old babies can usualy recognise their name, like to explore by using their hands and mouth, drops things deliberately, and enjoy splashing in the bath.

Intellectual Development

1 year
Babies at this stage usualy enjoy banging 2 toys together to make a sound, know how to use familiar objects like hairbrush, they also may show preferences for using left or right hand.

18 months
Most of 18 month old babies scribles and does dots, can pick little things up using two fingers, enjoy playing with...

References: Pamela Minett, 2010. Child Care & Development 6th edition. London : Hodder Education.
Kate Beith, Kath Bulman, Sharina Forbes, Sue Griffin, Penny Tassoni, 2010. Level 2 certificate : CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE WORKFORCE. Essex : Heinemann.
Louise Burnham, Brenda Baker, 2010. Level 2 certificate : SUPPORTING TEACHING AND LEARNING IN SCHOOLS. Essex : Heinemann.
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