Child development 0-19 with examples

Topics: Developmental psychology, Speech repetition, Child development Pages: 8 (1459 words) Published: March 19, 2014

Assignment One Question One

The Statutory Framework for the Early Foundation Stage (EYFS) 2012 states there are three primary areas of learning and development, these are: Personal, Social and Emotional – this is the child’s identity, self-image and the development of relationships, the skills of living in society. Communication, Language – learning the skills of understanding and communicating with others. Physical Development – fine motor skills, the precise use hands, fingers and eyes. Gross motor, the use of larger muscles such as arms and legs.

As well as the three primary areas, development can also be broken down into age ranges: 0-6 Months
6 Months-1 Year
1-2 Years
2-4 Years
4-7 Years
7-11 Years
11-16 Years
16-19 Years

As each child and young person grow and develop at different rates so does their primary areas of development, therefore this is just a guide to a child and young person development.

Personal, Social and Emotional

0-6 Months
Respond to touch and sound.
Recognise the voice of their parents.
Stare at shiny objects.
Smile at a face.

6 Months-1 Year
Distinguish familiar people.
Distress from separation from a parent.
Enjoy playing games like peek-a-boo.

1-2 Years
Temper tantrums.
More demanding.
Express rage at being told ‘no’.
Strong sense of ‘mine’, does not understand sharing.

2-4 Years
Show delight when they are enjoying something.
Interest in other children.
Keen to help and copy adults.
Learning to be separated from parents for short periods of time (i.e. nursery or playgroup).

4-7 Years
Enjoy their independence.
Can take turns and play co-operatively.
Starts to understand rules.
Be frightened of fictitious things like ghosts or things under the bed. Good sense of self awareness.
Worry about not being liked.

7-11 Years
Starts to form close friends.
Likes to play with same-sex friends.
Concerned of what people think of them.
Enjoys responsibility.
Keen hobby interests (i.e. football, swimming, dance etc.).

11-16 Years
Enjoy friends’ company more than that of their family.
Seem very grown up but also childish at times.
Notice changes in their body.
Mood swings.
Feel anxious at times.
Have their own identity (i.e. clothes, music).

16-19 Years
More of an understanding about life.
Change relationships often.
Firmer identity.
More developed sense of humour.
Makes independent decisions.
Accepts social institutions and cultural traditions.
Improved relationship with parents.
More aware of own strengths and weakness.

Communication, Language

0-6 Months
Cries when hungry, tired or distressed.
Coos and grunts.
Will respond to music and other sounds.
Will recognise a familiar voice.
Show excitement at feeding times.
Notice mobiles and objects around them.

6 Months-1 Year
Enjoys simple games (i.e. pat-a-cake).
Babbling, laughing and squealing.
Looks to see what is happing around them.
Exploring objects, using hands and mouth.
Understand around 20 words like their name, cup, dog, dinner.

1-2 Years
Put words together to make a phrase.
Use 150 – 200 words.
Wave Bye-Bye.
Repeat words.
Finger pointing to draw adult’s attention.

2-4 Years
Can use crayons and paint brushes with more control.
Count to 10.
Use pitch and tone.
Ask many, ‘Why’, ‘What’ and ‘How’ questions.
Point at common objects when they are named.
Know different parts of the body.
Know the names of different animals.

4-7 Years
Talks clearly.
Can give their name and age.
Can ask questions.
Start to break down familiar words.
Copy shapes and form some lettering.
Can sing a song.
Enjoys books and pictures.
Make up stories

7-11 Years
Enjoy chatting and telling jokes.
Can read silently and out loud.
Make up and play games.
Write stories with minimal adult help.
Talk through problems to solve them.
Tattling on others to gain attention.
May be bi-lingual.
When drawing know...

References: Early Years Outcomes, Sept 2013. Available at:
Practice Guidance for the Early Years Foundation Stage, May 2008. Available at:
Meggit, Carolyn, 2006. Child Development: An Illustrated Guide. 2nd edition. Oxford: Heinemann.
Albert Einstein, Available at:
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