Understanding Children and the young person
Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth-19 years. Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth-19 Sequence means that there is a definite pattern to a child developing, Rate means the speed in which a child develops. Social development
The Children’s do not develop at the same rate as each other every child has different rate of development. For example a child from (0 to 3 months)
Crying stops when they listen to others and responds by smiles. From (3 to 9) a child starts smiles at a face (social smiling), begins to realize he/she is a separate person from others and make noises to attract attention. Child starts respond to simple instructions and shows aggressive to other children this is at the age of (9-18 months) the children’s from (18 months to 2 years). Plays by himself/herself and initiates his/her own play. Activity starts and is willing to help others and rely on himself. From (2 to 3 years) copies parents’ actions and displays aggressive feelings/behaviours and please and seeks consent from adults. From (3 to 5 years) uses and understands language, plays with other children and able to share group. A child at the age of (5 to 7 years) talks clearly and uses language even more effectively ,copy unwanted behaviour like biting or kicking .From (7 to 12 years) is able to play on own and defines himself/herself in terms of appearance, possessions, and activities Can learn not to compare himself with others. From (12 to 16) at this age they start to use diversity like moodiness, shyness and trying to find his/her identity and change to self-involvement and very concerned with appearance. To the effectiveness and use language to issue difficulty in social reaction. Everyone uses social behaviours to begin and maintain a relationship with others. Consequently, healthy social development is essential for young children. Regardless of their temperament
Physical development enables children to explore and interact with their environment. The child’s ability to learn about entrusted movement and skills. After birth the child showing aspects of physical development. For example: a child from the age of (0-3 months) starts moves around more and starts to kick legs. From (3 to 9 months) their control of their head and arm movements and they are able to sit without support. A child age from (9 to 18) controls legs and walks unaided. From (18 to 2 years) starts runs, can feed self. From (2 to 3 years) the child can jump and climb well and can play on apparatus. From (3 to 5 years) they are able to run well and stop. A child age from (5 to 7 years) may learn to ride a bicycle, cooperatively with other children. From (7 to 12years) they learn to ride a bicycle and grow independence. From (12 to 16 years) they are able to ride a bicycle with competence and confidence Intellectual development
Intellectual development is best defined as a child’s ability to think about and understand his world. Early experiences lay the foundation for future intellectual and other areas of development. The way in which a child takes in and processes information, relates to caregivers, and experiences the world impacts all areas of development. From (0 to 9 months) it shows the first signs of intellectual development by distinguishing the voices of his parents from other voices and individuals recognise familiar faces. From (9 to 18 months) at this age can store information through the vision of the images. From (18 months to 2 years) the child gets information from images and language. From the age of 2 to 3 years of age the child obtains information from language rather than images and starts to shows some knowledge of right and wrong. From (3-5 years old) the child using language to recalls information. From (5 to 7 years) they are able to store and remember more...
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