Child development stages

Topics: Hand, Developmental psychology, Child development Pages: 7 (1448 words) Published: January 28, 2014
Child Developmental Stages & Growth Chart

Children will grow and develop at different paces. Although their paths through childhood will differ, children generally will pass a set of milestones along the way. “Child development” is a term used to define a child’s progression and describe how they become able to perform certain tasks and develop functional skills as they grow older. These skills fall into four main categories including, physical development, language and communication, thinking and cognitive skills as well as social and emotional. A child’s physical development indicates their progression of movements, use of muscles and fine motor skills. Language skills refer to the child’s communication capabilities, how they speak, use their body language and gestures. Cognitive development involves thinking skills, for instance, how your child learns, how they understand and solve problems. Social milestones comprise interaction, cooperation and relationship skills.

Age

Physical /
Motor Skills

Language /
Communication

Thinking /
Cognitive

Social /
Emotional

Birth to 3 Months

Makes jerky arm movements
Holds hands in tight fists
Brings hand within range of eyes and mouth
Head falls back when unsupported
Raises & moves head side to side when lying on their stomach Begins reflexes including, sucking, grasping & holding their tongue to the roof of their mouth Infants pay close attention to sounds and language

Responds to speech by looking at the person speaking
Reacts to changes in tone, pitch, volume and intonation
Communicates with movements including crying, jabbering and laughing Attempts to mimic sounds
Most infants can see within 13 inches clearly
Starts to focus & follow moving objects and people
Can see all colors
Distinguishes tastes involving, sweet, sour, bitter and salty Preference for high contrast items
Responds with facial expressions to strong odors
Begins to suck fingers
Watch and Observe Hands
Responds positively to touch
Starts to recognize body parts, examples, arms & legs
Learns to feel comfort with a familiar adult
Will respond to touch
Begins to smile and express pleasure to social interaction
3 to 6 Months

Becomes stronger and more alert
Begins movements utilizing large muscle groups including rolling over and pushing the body forward Starts to reach for objects
Grasps objects and puts them in their mouth
Makes discoveries of object’s qualities including the noises they make when moving them Loves to have conversations through exchanging sounds, facial expressions and bodily gestures Recognizes familiar voices of mom, dad and caregiver

Listens to conversations
Repeats some sounds involving vowels and consonants
Begins to recognize faces
Can differentiate people by the way they look, sound or feel Reacts to and mimics facial expressions
Starts to respond to familiar sounds
Starts to anticipate routine events including changing, feeding and bathing Will begin to initiate social interaction
Plays peek-a-boo
Starts to recognize their name
Can laugh out loud
Smiles more freely
6 to 9

Months

Babies becomes more mobile
Starts reaching and pulling up on furniture
Begins motions to crawl
Grasps and pull objects towards themselves
Transfers items between hands
Vocals increase
Begins repetitive jabbering
Can associate gestures with small words and two word phrases like “hey” and “bye-bye” Starts to use vocal & non-vocal communication to express interest At an early age, babies try to learn how things work

Begin to stare longer at suspended objects
Can distinguish between nonliving and living objects
Uses size of objects to decipher how close or far away they are Begins to show preferences for familiar people
Expresses more emotions
Will respond to voices & gestures
Will display discontentment at the loss of a toy
9 to 12 Months

Babies will begin to sit and stand without support
Starts walking with assistance
Can roll a...
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