child developmental summary

Topics: Developmental psychology, Jean Piaget, Child development Pages: 3 (1079 words) Published: July 18, 2014
All people begin their evolutionary journey from the perinatal stage as a blank canvas that is moulded throughout their lifetime; over time many influential factors within their world influence and shape the person who they are to become. There are some identified defining factors effecting child development that are presented, stemming from differences within today’s diverse world and can be sub divided into five main categories, being physical, social, emotional, sexual and cultural aspects. All of these factors impact our lives and upon each other, thus in turn shaping how we develop through internalisation of experiences and the responses that are provoked. Most theorists of child development agree that there are stages to be observed when looking at the psychological and physical development of a child; these particular stages can be seen as universal across cultures and sexes. There are five sub categories when looking at a child’s development and although all of these are age guided, not all children reach the same area at the same time, neither do they systematically achieve each stage by a certain age, although they are achieved in order, they are there for guidance purposes only. The five identified areas that a child develops are physical, intellectual, social, emotional and language The first stage which has been termed by cognitive psychologist Jean Piaget as the Sensorimotor stage covers the age range from birth to 2 years of age. This is the age range when the most dramatic and primary changes happen, with the baby transitioning from being totally dependent upon a carer for all sources of their welfare and development, to exercising a very limited way of communicating to others their wants as they develop into becoming a fairly able bodied toddler who can more often than not exercise their autonomy through vocal and physical display’s of preference. During the sensorimotor stage a child learns about the world around them through the 5 senses,...
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