Child Devv

Topics: Assessment, Developmental psychology, Childhood Pages: 60 (18922 words) Published: September 11, 2013
Preface

O

bserving Development of the Young Child presents a unique system for observing and recording development of children ages 3 to 5 in early childhood classroom settings. It is based on a progression of children’s skill development in six major domains. The text is designed for use by college students preparing to be teachers in prekindergarten programs, child care centers, Head Start classes, and preschools. The book can also be used in such programs by the teachers and assistant teachers who want to learn more about children in order to make individual learning plans, as well as for making assessments of individual children for program development. Staff members preparing for Child Development Associate (CDA) Assessment will also find this text helpful with its suggestions for classroom activities that are developmentally appropriate for young children. The text not only teaches readers how to observe, record, and interpret development of children 3 through 5 years of age, but also discusses what these children are like and how to support them in their development with exciting hands-on activities. The text focuses on six major domains of child development—emotional, social, physical, cognitive, language, and creative—that are readily observable. It divides each of these aspects further into specific areas: self-esteem; emotional competence; social competence; physical development; cognitive development; spoken language; emergent writing and reading skills; art, music, and dance skills; and dramatic play skills. The principal observation tool to be used is the Child Development Checklist. Other observation methods and tools include anecdotal records, running records, samplings, rating scales, rubrics, audio and visual documentation, and document panels. Finally, teachers learn to share their observational data with children’s families. The text serves college students as a guide for observing and recording development of young children in their student teaching and coursework. The text is especially well suited as a supplementary text for child development courses. It also can help in-service teachers and assistants who are upgrading their skills in observing children, as well as those who are learning to plan for individuals based on their developmental needs. Unique aspects of Observing Development of the Young Child include discussions of how to observe young children, how to interpret the data recorded, and how to plan for individuals based on the observations. Important topics include children’s emotional development, how young children make friends, how to deal with bullying, how to help second-language speakers learn English, how children use exploratory play to learn, how to help young children emerge into reading and writing, and how to develop children’s creativity through art, music, and dramatic play.

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x Preface

NEW TO THE EIGHTH EDITION
This edition has been reorganized to broaden the coverage of observation and to make it more concise and accessible. Among its key changes are the following: • Chapters 1 and 2 were reorganized to deepen and expand the coverage of basic observation methods. • The former edition’s chapters on large-motor development and small-motor development were combined into a new streamlined chapter on physical development. • New Learning Outcomes were added to each chapter. • Many more boxed features help to clarify ideas. • New sections in domain chapters explaining benefits of using particular observing and recording tools for a particular domain. • Chapter by chapter changes include the following: Chapter 1 Observing to Assess Children’s Development Revised Child Development Checklist Standardized tests as tools for assessment Developmental screening NAEYC program criteria Portfolios for assessment How to become an observer Chapter 2 Recording and Collecting Observational Data Using rubrics Using Learning Prescriptions Chapter 3 Self-Esteem Playing without...
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