[CYP Core 3.1.1] Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth - 19 years. This is an explanation of the sequence and rate of development from birth to nineteen years. When giving an example of the rates of different types of development it must always be taken in to account that children develop at different times and at their own pace, any information provided here should only be used as a general guide. The difference between the rate and sequence of development
A child's development sometimes follows a definite sequence this is mostly seen in a child's physical development for example: Babies will usually start sitting up, followed by crawling. They will then use their arms to pull themselves up to standing, then on to walking and so on. While the sequence of development is typical in all children what is seen to differ is the speed or rate of development. This is how some babies will sit at seven months and others will learn to sit much later. It is important when working with children and young people to be aware of both the sequence and rate of development in each of the developmental areas. Having knowledge of the sequence of development in children and young people is needed to plan activities effectively. Becoming familiar with the rate of development is essential for early year’s practitioners. A child may have a developmental delay and therefore It is crucial for any early intervention strategies to be put in to place as soon as possible giving the child the best possible start in life. Babies are usually born at around forty weeks gestation babies born earlier at around thirty seven weeks are classed as premature, premature babies are likely to need a little extra time to reach the development levels as a full term infant. All babies are born with a set of reflexes that are linked to survival these are actions performed without thinking. Examples of these reflexes are: Swallowing and sucking: These reflexes enable a baby to feed and to swallow milk. Rooting reflex: This reflex allows the baby to find the mothers nipple or the teat of a bottle if you touch the babies check or mouth the baby will move it head to find the milk. Grasp Reflex: babies will automatically grasp on to an object or finger that has touched the palm of their hand. Startle reflex: When babies hear a loud noise or a flash of bright light they will throw their arms out and clench their fists. Walking and standing reflex: when babies are held upright with their feet touching a firm surface they usually make stepping movements. CHILD DEVELOPMENT TIMELINE 0-19 YEARS
Birth-3 months 3-6 months 6-9 months 9-12 months 1-2 years
Physical At the age of one month babies start to look less curled up and the startle reflex will lesson, Eyes will start to follow moving objects but this may only be for a few seconds. At three months babies will be able to turn their heads to follow a moving object. They will be able to hold a rattle and may be able to rest their weight on their hands. By four to six months babies will start to roll from front to back and will be able to raise their arms and legs in the air whilst on their tummies. Babies at around six months will be able to sit unsupported for only a few seconds, By nine months he should be able to sit totally unsupported for several minutes. Babies at around this age will start to crawl. Babies at around nine months will pull themselves up to standing using your hands or lower pieces of furniture and this helps them to learn to stand alone and then too taking their first few steps. Children are mostly walking by the age of fifteen months. Will still be using his hands to stand up at but by the age of two he will be able to get up without using his hands. They will love to climb using furniture. Will attempt to kick a ball.
Speech, language and communication Babies cry to communicate their needs, from the first cry you hear when their born they are...
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