Introduction – Task A
This assignment is based on child and young person development. It will cover: * The definitions of development and how each area is linked * The difference between the sequence of development and the rate of development * What influences a child’s development
* What support and interventions a child can receive if they are not meeting their milestones * The expected pattern of child development from birth to 19 years * Transitions experience by children and how they affect behaviour * Terms such as speech and language
* How speech, language and communication skills support learning * Why it is important to recognise delays and disorders at an early stage * How an adult can support speech, communication and language development * How multi-agency teams work together to support speech, communication and language development The information will be gathered through the internet, using search engines such as google, and through books, using the level 3 diploma in children and young people’s workforce book. Development is not the rate a child develops physically; it is the development of skills and knowledge. Development can be divided into five categories. These being: * Physical development – which allows children to gain independence by completing tasks such as walking, balancing and throwing a ball. * Cognitive development – which is also known as intellectual development. This allows children to develop imagination, and remembering things such as names and colours. This is linked to communication and language development. * Communication – which allows children to develop skills such as talking, reading and writing. * Social and emotional development – which is development in relationships. For example being able to feel sorry, and having the ability to control emotions. This is linked to cognitive and language development. * Moral development – which is the decisions children make, the principle they adopt and their behaviour towards others. This is linked with social and emotional development, and cognitive development.
There is a difference between sequence of development and rate of development. This being that the sequence of development is a definite route a child will follow, whereas a rate of development is the speed that the child will personally develop. For example, some babies will sit unsupported at a very young age, whereas others will take longer to do so. It is important to distinguish between the two in order to plan effectively to encourage the childs development.
A child development starts from the moment they are born, and many things through childhood and being a teenager can influence the way they develop. Personal factors such as health, disability, sensory impairments and learning difficulties can influence how a child develops hugely. A childs health can be determined by factors such as genetics, diet, environment and stress. Children can also be born with conditions that will automatically affect their health, for example, a disability, sensory impairment or a learning difficulty. Children with these conditions can be dependent on someone else, meaning their develop can be slower than others, unless they are properly supported. External factors such as poverty and deprivation, family environment, personal choices, looked after/care status, and education can also affect how a child develops. Poverty can lead to inadequate housing, ill-fitting clothing and an unbalanced diet. All of these can affect how a child develops. Housing and the family environment is very important in a childs development, as this is where support in development starts. Unfortunately some parents cannot cope with their children, and affect their childs development with depressions, drug taking and alcoholism. This can affect the childs personal choices as they grow into a young adult, as they are influenced by their...
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