a. Express your understanding of physical growth in children. My understanding of the physical growth of children is the growth of bones, muscles, tendons, nerves and organs of which occurs in a predictable pattern. Motor skills tend to develop in the same sequence across all cultures however, the mastering of these skills will depend on genetic predispositions and environment. The next is motor development which includes quantitative physiological change, and example of this would be increased strength and control in the legs and upper body which allows the child to pull themselves upright to a standing position which prepares them for the next important stage of walking. The last predictable pattern is that motor development also includes qualitative change, an example of this would be walking improves from unsteady first steps to confident, independent steps.
b. Identify and explain the two basic principles related to growth The two basic principles related to growth are cephalocaudal development and proximodistal development. According to Working in Children’s Services Series ‘Frameworks for learning and development’ Cephalocaudal development refers to the direction of the body’s physical growth, reflected in the order in which parts of the body become larger and the order in which functions and structures become more complex. Cephalocaudal development progresses from head to foot this therefore means an infant gains control of their head first, then neck, shoulders, back, hips, legs and lastly feet. Proximodistal development is the progression of physical and motor development from the centre of the body towards the extremities. For example a child will learn to control the muscles of their chest and shoulders before they learn to control the muscles in their arms, hands, fingers and legs.
To monitor children’s physical development early childhood educators need to be able to identify their skills and abilities. Explain the development (use...
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