Cu230P Ct230 Understand Child and Young Persons Devlopment

Topics: Child development, Jean Piaget, Developmental psychology Pages: 14 (3453 words) Published: June 10, 2013
Child development
The sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth until 19 years Babies at birth
Most babies are born around the 40th week of pregnancy babies who are born three weeks or more are called premature babies. If the baby is premature it is more likely to need a little more time to reach the same levels of development as a baby born at 40 weeks. Examples of what we may see|

Physical| Reflexes such as swallowing, rooting reflex, grasp reflex, startle reflex, and walking and standing reflex.| Cognitive | Babies will recognise the smell and sound of mum.| Communication| Babies will cry when they need attention.| Social, emotional and Behavioural | Close contact with primary carer.|

Babies at one month
Babies change a lot in their first month of development they will usually begin to settle into a pattern of day to day needs such as feeding.

Examples of what we may see|
Physical| Babies look less curled up and startle less.|
Cognitive | Babies stop crying when they hear a familiar voice.| Communication| Babies start to make sounds.|
Social, emotional and Behavioural | Begins to smile.|

Babies at 3 months
Babies at 3 months will have gained height and weight. Some babies will also start to learn the difference between day and night and will become able to sleep though the night.

Examples of what we may see|
Physical| Babies will begin to turn and lift their heads.| Cognitive | Babies start to notice mobiles and other things around them.| Communication| Babies smile back, when they see a smiling face.| Social, emotional and Behavioural | Enjoyment of bath time.|

Babies at 6 months
Babies at 6 months would have learnt many skills. They are very alert and turn their heads to see what is happening. They enjoy playing, they show they are enjoying it my smiling and squealing.

Examples of what we may see|
Physical| Babies will lift both their arms and legs in the air and balance on their front. | Cognitive | With will explore taste and texture by putting toys into their mouth and touching them with their fingers. | Communication| Arms lifting up to show the primary carer that they want to be picked up | Social, emotional and Behavioural | Smiles of delight when they are playing.|

Babies at 9 months
Many babies will be crawling and exploring ways to move, they can also sit up without support. Languages skills will also be developing with babbling.

Examples of what we may see|
Physical| Using fingers to feed |
Cognitive | Exploring objects with hands and mouth.|
Communication| Tuneful strings of babbling |
Social, emotional and Behavioural | Trying to stay near primary carer. | Babies at 12 months
The first birthday of a child is a big celebration will family and friends; babies will be a lot more mobile and may be on the verge of walking. They will also try and stand up by holding onto furniture. They will also be able to feed themselves. Examples of what we may see|

Physical| Standing up while holding on |
Cognitive | Recognising routines |
Communication| Fingers pointing at objects|
Social, emotional and Behavioural | Need to stay near primary carers as anxiety will develop if strangers approach |

Babies at 18 months
Children at this stage are considered to be toddlers as they have begun to walk and will begin to find their feet. they will also been keen to play and explore. Language skills are developing and the child will be able to learn simple words.

Examples of what we may see|
Physical | Sitting and pushing off with legs on sit and ride toys.| Cognitive| Enjoyment of pop up and posting toys.|
Communication| Less babbling and more recognisable words.| Social, emotional. And behavioural | Interest in other children signs of temper and frustration |

Children at 2 years
Children begin to show individuality, and decision making develops...
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