CYP Core 3.1: Understanding child and young person development. By Christopher D Sanders
Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years .
There are 5 different aspects which come from the sequence of child development. These are
3) Emotional and behaviour l
4) Communication and language
5) Intellectual and cognitive
This stage of development is very fast. Baby’s movements help them to feed or hold on when they grab something. A 1 year old child has more control over their bodies. And at this age may begin to start crawling or pulling themselves up to stand. Within the year the child may begin walking using toys to help keep their balance. From the age of 2-3 years the child may start feeding itself using its hands or a spoon. The child may also be able using crayons and holding them to write or draw. They will also start to play alone and experiment with different textures such as water.
From the ages 3-7 years old the child will gain a lot more independence. All their mobility skills will have advanced such as climbing, walking, catching and throwing. The child will now be able to develop on their fine motor skills such as holding a pencil, threading a bead and holding scissors to cut around shapes. The child should be able to dress and undress itself and be able to do and undo zips and buttons. At 7the child will enjoy playing in team games such as football or netball. Their confidence has increased when climbing, running and hitting a ball.
The child will begin to lose all of its baby teeth and grow a lot taller and thinner. Hobbies are now a big thing in the child’s life and become more practised. Some girls will show signs of puberty.
Between the ages of 12 – 16 years each child is very different in their development. Some may have reached physical maturity and others may just be beginning. Most girls will have finished puberty while many boys will be starting.
Boys will be still maturing up to the age of 20. All girls have reached full maturity.
Communication and language development
The child will start to recognize familiar voices such as parents, grandparents and siblings. They may respond to voices with smiles or noises. By 18 months they should have a vocabulary of 3-20 words. They should be able to make sounds like “Dada” and “Mama”. By the age of 3 the child should be able to make more adult type speech and form sentences. They should have a vocabulary of about 300 words.
By the age of 3-5 they will ask a lot more questions, be able to hold a full conversation and begin to question adult’s responses more. They will enjoy reading books aloud to parents and teachers. Their vocabulary should be between 900 – 1500 words.
By this age their reading and writing skills are much more advanced. They will know how to use punctuation and the correct grammar. They will be using all to find information e.g. using a dictionary and using computers to send email and research. They have a very wide vocabulary having 4000 to10, 000 words.
Intellectual and Cognitive development
0 – 3 Years
At this young age the child will begin to recognize familiar voices and parents faces. They also start exploring by putting things in their mouth and can recognize different smells. They will respond to certain images and bright colours
From 18 months they can recognize a lot more things such as pictures from books, favourite cartoon characters and be able to do jigsaws and follow simple instructions.
Between 2-3 years the child will copy many mannerisms of the people around them. They should also recognize such things as big and small or hot and cold.
From the age of 3 the child should be able to follow simple instructions and recognize sequences such as counting 123. The child...
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