CYP Core 3.1.1 - Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth - 19 years.

Topics: Developmental psychology, Child development, Jean Piaget Pages: 13 (4718 words) Published: December 18, 2013

CYP Core 3.1.1 - Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth - 19 years. 1.1Explain the sequence and the rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years The sequence of child development means the expected development of a child from birth to 19 years. Child development refers to the biological and psychological and emotional changes that occur within this time. As the individual progresses from dependency to increasing autonomy. Because these developmental changes may be strongly influenced by genetic factors and events during prenatal life, genetics and prenatal development are usually included as part of the study of child development. Related terms include developmental psychology, referring to development throughout the lifespan, and paediatrics, the branch of medicine relating to the care of children. Developmental change may occur as a result of genetically-controlled processes known as maturation, or as a result of environmental factors and learning, but most commonly involves an interaction between the two. It may also occur as a result of human nature and our ability to learn from our environment. Human beings have a keen sense to adapt to their surroundings and this is what child development encompasses. Each child usually develops at the same rate as another child.

AgeIntellectualSocial / EmotionalLanguageGross motorFine Motor Infant – Birth to one yearLearns about things with hands and mouthAttaches to mother and father, begins to recognise faces and smile; at about 6 months begins to recognise parents and expresses fear of strangers. Plays simple interactive games like peek-a-booVocalises, squeals and imitates sounds, says ‘dada’ and ‘mama’Lifts head first then chest, rolls over, pulls to sit, crawls and stands aloneReaches for objects and picks up small items; grasps rattle Toddler 1-2 yearsLearns words for objects and peopleLearns that self and parent(s) are different or separate from each other, imitates and performs tasks, indicates needs or wants without cryingSays some words other than ‘dada’ and ‘mama’, follows simple instructionsWalks well, kicks, stops and jumps in place, throws ballsUnbuttons clothes, builds tower of 4 cubes, scribbles, uses spoon, picks up very small object Preschool2-5 yearsUnderstands concepts such as tired, hungry and cold, recognises colours, becomes aware of numbers and lettersBegins to separate easily from parent(s), dresses with assistance, washes and dries hands, plays interactive games like tagfollows directions, can make simple sentences of two or three words, vocabulary increases Names picturesRuns well, hops, pedals tricycle, balances on one footButtons Clothes, builds tower of 8 cubes, copies simple figures or letters School age 5-12yearsDevelops understanding of numeracy and literacy concepts, learns relationship between objects and feelings, acquires knowledge and understandingActs independently, but is emotionally close to parent(s) dresses without assistance, join same sex play groups and clubsDefines words, know and describes what things are made of, vocabulary increasesSkips, balances on one foot for 10 seconds, overestimates physical abilitiesDraws person with 6 parts, copies detailed figures and objects 12-18yearsUnderstands abstract concepts like illness and death, develops understanding of complex ideasExperiences rapidly changing moods and behaviour, interested in peer group almost exclusively, distances from parent(s) emotionally, concerned with body image, likely to have first sexual relationshipUses increased vocabulary, understands more abstract concepts like griefMay appear awkward and clumsy while learning to deal with rapid increases in size due to growth spurtsFully developed 18 +yearsContinues to develop the ability to make good decisions and to understand the complexity of human relationshipsBecomes independent form parent(s) own lifestyle, and career,...
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