CYP Core 3.1: understand child and young person development
1.1 Explain the sequences and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years; Children and young people development consists of physical, communicaion and intellectual, social, emotional and behavioural. Physical development from birth to 19years of age;
A baby first physical development will show them moving their head, hands and feet. A baby will then start to crawl and walk. Between the ages of 2- 4 year a child will have greatly improved both their gross and fine motor skills. Most young children can jump off the ground with both feet. They can walk up and down stairs with both feet on one step and run without falling. Some children may also be able to pedal a bike, aim, throw and catch a large ball and walk on their tiptoes. Fine motor skills of a child between 2 and 4 years may include drawing marks and giving meaning to them. They are capable of feeding themselves. At the age of 4 a child may be able to use certain equipment such as scissors. By 5 years they are learning to form letters and some are capable of writing their own name with no support. They are able to run quickly, be skilled enough to hit a ball accurately with a bat and balance on a wall. Both skills are being enhanced by the time a child has reached the age of 11. They will have improved on the physical skills they have already developed. Their body strength will have increased along with their balance and coordination. Children will have increased in both weight and height and some young girls from as young as 8, puberty may have begun. Breasts may start to develop and their menstruation cycle begins. Young adolescents’ fine motor skills will have enhanced and concentration can be held for longer which enables them to perform more complex tasks. Some children may have developed talents such as music, dancing and playing a musical instrument. During adolescence, young people go through many changes as they move from childhood into teenagers. Between the ages of 11-16 a young girls breasts will have started to develop and will have fully developed between 12-18 years old. A girls menstrual cycle may start as early as 12 and as late as 15. Pubic, armpit and underarm hair will grow equivalent to that of an adults at around 14 years old. Boys may begin to notice that their testicles and scrotum are growing and by the age of 16 or 17 their genitals are usually at their adult size. Pubic as well as armpit, leg, chest and facial hair begins to grow at about age 12 and is equivalent to that of an adult about 15 to 16 years. Physically, teenagers become much stronger and develop gross motor skills through a wide range of sports. Intellectual and Communication Development from birth to 19 years; From birth to 3 years an infant will be capable of a vast amount of communication and intellectual skills. From birth they will cry when hungry, tired or distressed and can stop crying at the sound of a voice. A baby can respond differently to changes in the tone of a voice and will laugh and chuckle when being spoken to. By the time a child has reached 1 year old a child will know their name and can understand around 20 words. A 1 year old child will deliberately drop a toy and watch it fall and look in the correct place for toys that have rolled out of sight. A small child can build a tower of 3 blocks when shown, they are also able to turn several pages of a book and can point to a named object as well as parts of a body. An 18month old child can make simple sentences and will have used more than 200 words by the time they have reached age 2 they should then be able to have convocation. Between 4 and 5 a child speech is fluent and they could be capable of giving you their full name, age and birthday. Some may even be able to give you their address. They will understand the difference between heavy and light. Writing develops and by the age of 8. By now a child should be reading with...
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