CYP Core 3

Topics: Theory of cognitive development, Child development, Jean Piaget Pages: 5 (1380 words) Published: January 18, 2015
Heli Kroonsaare / Level 3 Supporting teaching and learning at school CYP Core 3.1 Understand child and young person development
2.3 Explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice
Theories of development offer insights into the forces guiding childhood growth and what can affect them. Each offers insight but each has limitations, which is why developmental scientists use more than one theory to guide their thinking about the growth of children. To begin with there is Jean Piaget’s cognitive theories which look at the way in which children seem to be able to make sense of their world as a result of their experiences and how they are active learners. He also suggested that as children develop so does their thinking. Piaget’s work has influenced early year’s settings into providing more hands on and relevant tasks for children and young people. In other words the children are ‘learning through play’. Teachers are working out the needs of children and plan activities accordingly. How to Explain Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development http://www.ehow.com/how_7722233_explain-piagets-theory-cognitive-development.html Because of Piaget’s work teachers are using visual materials to teach children Jean Piaget

Cognitive theories focus on internal states such as motivation, problem solving, decision making and attention. * Social learning theories focus on how children learn and acquire new knowledge. * Behavioral theories, also known as behaviorism are theories based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. Today behavioral techniques are used in therapeutic settings to help children learn new skills and behaviors. * Psychoanalytical theorists... New

There are many different theories of development that help us to understand children’s behavior, reactions and ways of learning. All equally important as they influence practice. To begin with there is Piaget’s constructivist theories which look at the way in which children seem to be able to make sense of their world as a result of their experiences and how they are active learners. He also suggested that as children develop so does their thinking. Piaget’s work has influenced early years settings into providing more hands on and relevant tasks for children and young people. In other words the children are ‘learning through play’. Teachers are working out the needs of children and plan activities accordingly.

Vygotsky is another theorist but of cognitive development. Vygotsky suggested that children were born to be sociable and by being with parents and then with friends they learned and gained understanding from them. He suggested that people in early years setting working with children should extend and challenge their thoughts in order for their potential development to be achieved. As well as the need for adults to work alongside children Vygotsky also felt that children could guide and develop each others potential by encouraging them to do tasks together. Evidence of this can often be found in my setting. One example would be reading buddies where children in the infants are paired up with a child from the juniors and they read to their buddy for 10 minutes every day.

The behaviourist approach to learning suggests that behaviour is learned from environmental factors, rewards and punishments. For example if you touched a flame from a candle and it burns you then you learn not to touch a flame again because you know that you will get burned. Behaviourists often call this conditioning. This was demonstrated in John B Watson’s famous experiment where he used a small boy called little Albert and created a phobia of rats in him. This would... Heli Kroonsaare / Level 3 Supporting teaching and learning at school CYP Core 3.1 Understand child and young person development

3.1Explain how to monitor children and young people’s development using different methods

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