Using the documents, analyze African actions and reactions in response to the European Scramble for Africa. Identify an additional type of document and explain how it would help in assessing African actions and reactions. In the 1880s, European powers colonized and controlled Africa to gain resources. This process has become known as the Scramble for Africa. The cunning actions of the European powers in Africa led to a disdain among the Africans against the Europeans, which set off violent rebellions that eventually helped lead Africa to liberty in the future. In documents 2 and 3 show that the effort among Africans to react with nonviolence. In Document 2, Prempeh’s denial of colony status under British rule goes to great lengths not to offend Her Majesty the Queen of England and insists that the Ashanti kingdom must remain on good diplomatic terms with all “White men,” even as he totally rejects the British offer. The friendly response can be understood as to not offend the British into seizing their kingdom. Menelik II’s letter to European powers (Document 3) clearly indicates his unwillingness to go along with plans to “divide Ethiopia among the distant Powers.” The constant references to Christianity in Ethiopia are no doubt intended to support the idea among Europeans that Ethiopia should be seen more favorably than other African nations, and be free from the Scramble for Africa. He even goes so far as to suggest that the Europeans might help his country regain the seacoast land on the Indian Ocean that has fallen under Muslim control. After the Europeans conquered the Southern Africa, Ndansi Kumalo (document 4) states how after they lost to the European forces, they “were treated as slaves,” and they harmed their wives and daughters, giving no respect to the African people. He is upset over how impolite the Europeans have been over colonizing their homeland. The Ashanti queen mother (document 6), talks to her...
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