2.1: Describe with examples the kinds of influences that affect children and young people’ development: BACK GROUND:
There are different things that can affect the child’s development in their back ground: FAMILY BREAKUP: Family break up can be really stressful for the children and may even influence the development as the child could get very upset, could go quiet, could stop eating, , could affect the intellectual development and could also even stop talking. A NEW PARTNER OF THE PARENT: If the parent get new partner it may influence the child development as the may not like the person in their life and they may go quiet, stop talking, could get very upset and could get violent. POVERTY: Poverty is the single greatest threat to the child development. Poverty can affect every area of child’s development: physical, intellectual, emotional and social. a.
Quality of life: children in poverty go without the meals or toys or cloths that they need. b.
Poor nutrition: poor nutrition can result lack of food as well as overeating. It affects the child development. c.
Space to live and play: poor children live in substandard housing, crowded areas, and no space to play safely. d.
Growth: they are also more likely to be smaller at birth and shorter in height. e.
Education: poor performance in school, poor attendance in school.
INFECTION: During childhood there are many infections and illness that can affect the children’s health and development. Some infection can control by immunisations such as tetanus, polio whooping cough.
DIET: There are various conditions that may occur in childhood that are directly related to a poor or unbalanced diet:
Failure to thrive: Poor growth and physical development
Dental caries: Associated with a high consumption of sugar in snacks and fizzy drinks.
Obesity: Children who are overweight.
Nutritional anaemia: Insufficient intake of...
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