developmental stages

Topics: Child development, Poverty, Psychology Pages: 10 (2104 words) Published: September 11, 2014


Poverty's Effect on Child Development
Verna Heskey
Liberty University
Dr. James Newton

ABSTRACT
Childhood poverty is a powerful factor in the development of children. Research on this study have revealed that the number of children living in poverty has increased. Though educators and various programs have been implemented to help with the disparity between the poverty stricken and the upper class children, the trend continues. Studies addressing both direct and indirect linking poverty are to academic achievement. The United States economic recovery of the past years have impacted these families therefore increasing the number of children living in poverty. Research on independent variables associated with the study of poverty shows some future results, but more research are needed in order to really address the disparity among the two classes. Key words: poverty, child development, risk, economic disparity,

INTRODUCTION
This literature review began with the research question " Can Poverty effect the development of the students I teach?" I have taught in the private and public schools and I have noticed that the behavior and disabilities of the two are somewhat different. As a teacher, I am frustrated to have most of my students that I teach score so poorly on the achievement test. Most of the students have behavioral issues that cause them to have difficulties in their learning stages. During faculty meetings are my most dreaded times during the school year. The principal would at some time blame my grade level for scoring the lowest of the school. I knew that I had done my best but based on this research I now see that the principal herself needed to do some research as I did to see the reason why they continue to score the way they did. Sometimes I wonder if anything that I have taught would positively impact their future behaviors.

Deep down I know all four teachers on that grade level could not all be failing to teach the children. At times I realize that the blame has to be on teachers. I wished that those in authority would acknowledge they should be held accountable for the failure of the children.

I have taught for some fourteen years in the public sector. I taught on grade level of 1 through 6. I have taught the sixth grade for six of those years and I am currently assigned there again this school year. I am the only teacher in that grade level that they have never moved for the past six years. So when the authorities blame that team for not making the annual yearly progress, the fingers need to point to the other direction. I know that I am unable to change people so I try as best to change how I think about myselfDuring those years, I have had some of the most challenging students, and I at times, it seems as though they were deliberately placed in my class. This school year, I am under a new principal and have the smallest class on my grade level, but after surveying the students and checking their cumulative records I realize that I was given the majority of the under achievers from the previous school year.

I have attended many professional development seminars on instructing the students that a deficient in their reading abilities and behavior. I have tried many behavior modification strategies and techniques so as to reach those that seem as though they have the right to misbehave. I will continue to try my best. The question remains: Can poverty affect a child's development? POVERTY

What is poverty?
Poverty is the state of one who lacks a substantial amount or resources ( Merriam Online Dictionary, 2013). Poverty is further defined as "the state of being poor". Murry's (2011) comprehensive review stated that the number of children living in poverty has increased by 21% and the recent economic down turn shows that 14 million children will be affected. Many empirical studies that preempted...

References: Cushon, J. A., Vu, L. H., Janzen, B. L., & Muhajarine, N. (2011). Neighborhood Poverty Impacts Children 's Physical Health and Well-Being over Time: Evidence from the Early Development Instrument. Early Education And Development, 22(2), 183-205.
Eshbaugh, E. M., Peterson, C. A., Wall, S., Carta, J. J., Luze, G., Swanson, M., & Jeon, H. (2011). Low-Income Parents ' Warmth and Parent-Child Activities for Children with Disabilities, Suspected Delays and Biological Risks. Infant And Child Development, 20(5), 509-524.
Gonzalez, J. R., & Terrell, S. (2010). "What Makes You Think I 'm Poor?" A Qualitative Analysis of Etic and Emic Perceptions of Poverty in the Ozarks. Journal Of Ethnographic & Qualitative Research, 4(3), 125-138.
Hall, J., Sylva, K., Melhuish, E., Sammons, P., Siraj-Blatchford, I., & Taggart, B. (2009). The Role of Pre-School Quality in Promoting Resilience in the Cognitive Development of Young Children. Oxford Review Of Education, 35(3), 331-352.
Mistry, R. S., & Wadsworth, M. (2011). Family Functioning and Child Development in the Context of Poverty. Prevention Researcher, 18(4), 11-15.
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