Disability and Child

Topics: Disability, Developmental psychology, Child development Pages: 16 (5124 words) Published: August 29, 2013
Unit 331 p1
Understand Child and Young Persons Development
Outcome 1

1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years.
Area of development | 0-1 year | 2-4 years |
Physical | Physical development is usually very rapid. At birth babies depend on reflexes for movements so they can feed, or grasp a dummy and can kick their arms and legs by the age of one they have much more control over their bodies. They are learning to crawl, bum shuffle, pulling and pushing on things and trying to stand and walk holding on to thing. | Between one and two years the child will begin to walk unaided they will start toilet training and wash their own hands and face. Begin to enjoy imaginative role play. | Communication | Babies recognise familiar voices at this stage such as the voice of their parents they will stop crying when they hear them. Around the age of 3 months they start to make cooing noises and will also start turning their heads to sounds and movement. | Start to imitate what others are saying and answer to their own name. Be able to join in simple nursery rhymes enjoy books and story's they begin to use more adult forms of speech using short sentences. | Intellectual/ cognitive | Babies recognise their parents and bond with them. They will blink/twitch if they are startled by loud noises. Put things in their mouth. Respond to bright colours and lights. | Recognise pictures and books. Match shapes with other objects recognise colours use scissors to cut things out. Point to different parts of the body. Imitate other adults and children. Concentrate for longer. Start to show awareness of right from wrong. | Social/emotional/ behavioural | When babies are born they cry to communicate most of their needs because they are hungry/ tired. As they get a little older they accept feeding/sleeping. They have likes and dislikes and throw a tantrums when they can not have it their way. They enjoy having cuddles with parents/siblings. | Play with friends and socialise through play. Enjoy having some responsibilities e.g. classroom helper. Fall out with friends easily but forgive quickly. Become settled at school without parents/carers. | Unit 331 p2 Sarah Kennedy

Moral | Babies do not understand right from wrong. They show their happy by smiling/laughing when comfortable/safe and by crying when they are upset/distressed. By the age of one they they start understanding no but still don't understand right from wrong. | Children are aware of the roles of adults e.g. teachers/parents (they set the boundaries and have authority) they do understand the word no but sometimes will choose not to accept it. They don't understand consequences and do not fully understand the potential of right from wrong. | Area of development | 4-7 years | 7-12 years |

Physical | Their mobility skills are more advanced when they run/jump They will start getting dressed/undressed more co-operatively with less assistance. They will be able to hold a pencil and have better control. Copy letters, numbers and shapes. Become more confident playing outside jumping from heights, riding a bike getting involved in team games races/ football. | Physical changes in their body shape they grow taller/thinner girls begin to show signs of puberty. They may have hobbies and interests football/dancing. They begin to recognise their own identity's. | Communication | Talk more fluently using sentences and can answer questions independently. They listen to and can follow simple instructions and can deliver verbal messages. Their early reading skills develop and they show interest in more complex books. Become very inquisitive and ask lots of questions. | Their communication skills have flourished they can talk to adults on a more mature level. Their...
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