Topics: Developmental psychology, Child development, Cognition Pages: 15 (3966 words) Published: August 8, 2015

Screeners and Diagnostic tests
Jessica Evangeline Adams
ECE 354 Assessment & Intervention During Early Childhood
Instructor Cassandra Melendez
May, 4, 2015

Screeners and Diagnostic tests
The purpose of this paper is to address the significance of child development milestones and to bring awareness to the significance of developmental awareness in children from birth to five years of age. More specifically I am going to address areas of developmental strengths and weaknesses that were discovered through the application of a very helpful and important diagnostic tool for child development, a developmental milestone checklist. Even further I am going to incorporate the understandings gained from the observation of two specific children of different ages and in different phases of development coupled with a compiled and completed developmental checklist that incorporated behaviors and skills observed as well as those that were not present which drew concern in comparison to the red flags that were entailed in the checklists for each child’s age group. One of the most important components of child development is the ability to recognize developmental issues and to distinguish these issues as early as possible in order to provide early intervention measures to assist the child and get them on track. If early detection is not distinguished, then a child who is significantly behind in normal developmental milestones can continue to struggle throughout the rest of their lives. Having a tool such as an observational developmental milestone checklist with distinctive expected areas of development based upon age range and standard abilities as well as a set of common red flags to gauge developmental stages with, can enhance early detection and intervention in areas that meet red flag criteria. To ensure that children with potential problems reach a healthy and productive future it is necessary to have a firm understanding about the impact of developmental disabilities. Maintaining an awareness of warning signs and understanding the significance of acting early will assist those who are working with and caring for children in many ways. Being able to measure a child’s progress in terms of milestones and gauging their development by observing how they play, interact, behave, learn, and speak can give the observer greater insight to where a child may have a developmental problem. When a concern arises, there are steps that one can take to handle a child’s delay in reaching those milestones. A positive side that exists is the fact that the earlier a parent or provider recognizes that a child may have a delay in reaching a milestone, the earlier measures can be incorporated to help the child reach their full potential. A child’s development is very important because it has to do with many aspects of their abilities. From motor, physical and social areas to emotional and cognitive abilities, the process of a child’s development in these areas can ultimately have an influence on other key areas of development and can ultimately effect if they develop fully and successfully. Being able to catch areas of developmental weaknesses in children early on can supply those assessing the child the chance to intervene and face the issue head on in order to combat obstacles. The age that a child takes their first step, says their first word, smiles for the first time and waves goodbye offer very important clues. A delay in development occurs when a child reaches a milestone much later than the average development rate. Performing developmental assessments for children during various stages of maturity can help parents, caregivers, teachers, physicians and care providers understand the challenges that a child may be experiencing as well as their strengths. By being able to observe children and recognize the different areas of ability and struggle can assist those in a child’s life by providing the...

References: PEER, S. C. I. (2006). Peer relationships, child development, and adjustment: A developmental psychopathology perspective. Developmental psychopathology, Theory and method, 1, 419.
Wortham, S. C.  (2012). Assessment in early childhood education (6th ed.).  Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson
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