Developmental Milestones of a Preschooler
Developmental Milestones of a Preschooler
The preschool age is a wonderful time for children; they start to trust other individuals beyond their family, grasp individualism, learn to be resourceful and defend themselves in their living environment in a welcoming way. Their observation of the world around them has sharpened; by investigating they have discovered what will transpire while they mingle with different individuals; the preschooler’s language goes beyond the partial jargon of a toddler. Child development can be separated into four groups: cognitive, social/emotional, physical (motor) and language. The truth is the division is essential and practical yet the groups are not divided equally, they are connected and intertwined together. Developing in one area influences the development in another area and this realism calls for teachers to pay attention to each arena while leading the children into the academic world. Take for an example, reading and writing. The teacher is working in language development when she is talking to the children he/she has them realize that printing is a form of communication. Social/emotional development is when the teacher requires children to manage a book by themselves or work together with classmates. Physical (motor) development is necessary to use a pencil and cognitive development is acting out a story in the proper order and cognitive development comes into play when the children perform parts of a story in proper order (How Children Develop and Learn, n.d.). The ages of three through five are considered to be the preschool years (Henniger, 2009), generally the three and four year old are in a preschool setting. For many preschool is the first introduction to an educational environment, preparing the child for the corridors of elementary school. Preschool will encourage the development of cognitive, motor, social, emotional, language development and enables the child to reach their developmental milestones. Every child is a unique individual and will develop the milestones at their own pace; some sooner, some later. Viewing the phases of a child’s preschool growth, there are several undertakings that can improve the preschooler’s cognitive, motor, social, emotional, and language developments (Childhood Development: 3 to 5 Years, 2008). In cognitive development, according to Mayo Clinic (2011), children ages three and four concept skills become progressively complex, giving them the understanding of what is similar and different, distinguish the concepts of morning, afternoon and night and chronological order of time. The “why” questions come into play at the age of three and are curious in how something works by the age of four. By age four they are following three-part commands and are knowledgeable of the consequences to particular conditions. There are three objectives for cognitive development: 1. Learning and solving problems: “Obtain practical information. When the child notices the environment surrounding them, ask them questions, allow them to experiment and test answers; learning goes beyond obtaining facts. Being persistent and know how to implement the knowledge broadens their learning further” (How Children Develop and Learn, n.d., pg. 21). 2. Thinking logically: “Making sense of the information they gathered by comparing, contrasting, sorting and identify patterns. When children use logical thinking they arrange their environment conceptually and have a greater understanding how it works” (How Children Develop and Learn, n.d., pg. 21). 3. Representing and thinking symbolically: “Using objects in a different way. Pretending a broom is a horse, or a cup is a phone or being a policeman. Teacher can make a chart to show changes in the weather through a period of time, or have the children draw pictures to show what they believe will happen next in a story. Representations and...
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