“Let’s pretend!”: How dramatic play fosters children’s language and communication skills Introduction
Dramatic play is an important part of early chidhood develoment, it can be defined as a type of game that let children accept and assign roles, and then take action of these roles(Dunn et al,2012). Dramatic play helps children understand the world around them. It not only teaches children about the roles they choose to play, but also provides the development opportunities in a variety of areas. American children drama scholar Catherine further emphasize creative dramatic play is through drama to develop children's critical thinking and creative expression, which focus on children in the play when facing all kinds of contradictions and conflicts, problems of strain capacity. Children try various solutions in the dramatic play, which can encourage their thinking in the "acting" people, people and society, and nature of the various relations, so as to enrich the children's various kinds of experience. Catherine thinks that the education of creative drama purpose is not the creation of the drama, but rather through drama to develop children's critical thinking and creative expression, foster children’s language and communication skills. It is important to remember that because dramatic play is all about allowing children to use their imagination to complete role play and depicting the life experiences, therefore the possibilities are literally endless. This is a time when they break through the wall of the reality, pretending to be someone or something different from themselves, actions to go with the role which they prefer to play and dramatic situations. This type of games let the child development of abstract thinking, literacy and social studies.
The proper environment
The proper environmeent is to set stage for children’s dramatic play, considerating what is useful to foster their language and communication skills. Because of the important relationship between dramatic play and language development, early childhood classrooms should provide space and materials for dramatic play. Any dramatic recreation areas should be considered so that to inspire creativity and imagination for children. This should be an area where kids can immediately take a role and start to pretend. We should consider follwing points to establish this area:
Each area should be incorporated into a variety of materials, such as hats, masks, clothing, shoe, tools, vehicles, etc. All these materials can encouraging dramatic play. With these materials, children can present the role what they have been choosen and deduction their understanding of the role with other kids. At the same time, the teacher should communication with children why they choose these materials for dramatic play, not only improve children’s critical thingg ability but also improve their language expression ability.
The materials should include items that simulate literacy activities, like reading and writing. Paper, pencils and chalk board of materials may be used to promote the development of literacy. In this process, children can communicate with each other of their dramatic role play hence to improve their communication skills to a certain extent. As they learn more words through dramatic play, they can presetent more in the future.
Materials should be developed appropriate to creativity and flexibility. This includes materials that can be used for all children, and also can be used for more than one way. Children can put forward their requirements and opinions to the teacher in the dramatic play. On one hand, they will come up more questions during dramatic play; on the other hand, there will be a communication between adults and children.
The Dramatic Play Skill Set
There are basically many skills children take part in dramatic play experiences, the most important is language and communication skills developing for children.
Language development --...
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