Effect of Computer Games in Academic Performance of Grade IV Pupils

Topics: Television, Television program, Television network Pages: 38 (7500 words) Published: September 12, 2014
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

Television has always been used as a medium to educate, entertain and instruct. Television is also used to raise the public’s awareness about matters relating to crime, punishment, social responsibilities and government policies. For instance, warns people about drugs and the punishment meted out to those involved in drugs is shown in sad and gory details so that it would influence the viewing public to behave in socially responsible manners. Thus, the influences of television, when controlled by the authorities in a country, can maintain the moral fiber of the country. In addition television viewing is a major activity and influence on children and adolescents. Most of the children watch an average of three to four hours of television a day. They will have spent more time watching television than they have in the classroom. While television can entertain, inform, and keep our children company, it may also influence them in undesirable ways. Young children as of today often mimic what they see. Parents and caretakers observe this regularly. If children see people punching and kicking, they may act out that same behavior. Older children develop, through years of watching, sub-conscious mental plans of how they will react in conflict situations. For years they have seen conflicts resolved by violence, and they sub-consciously develop the same reaction plan. Through television, children and teens view countless acts of violence, and terror as part of the entertainment. They become conditioned to associating violence with entertainment. In the past, heroes of movie and television shows were usually people who strictly followed the law. Now, heroes are often people who take the law into their own hands, who see an injustice or evil and seek to rectify it personally, sometimes brutally, regardless of the consequences. Such portrayals signal to a child society’s approval of that behavior. Lacking the judgment that comes with age, a child who feels he has been dealt with unfairly may copy that behavior, with disastrous consequences. Also, time spent watching television takes away from important activities such as reading, school work, playing, exercise, family interaction, and social development. Children also learn information from television that may be inappropriate or incorrect. They often cannot tell the difference between the fantasies presented on television versus reality. They are influenced by the thousands of commercials seen each year, many of which are for alcohol, junk food, fast foods, and toys. In addition, parents can help by doing the following: don’t allow children to watch long blocks of TV, but help them select individual programs. Choose shows that meet the developmental needs of your child. Children’s shows on public TV are appropriate, but soap operas, adult sitcoms, and adult talk shows are not. Set certain periods when the television will be off. Study times are for learning, not for sitting in front of the TV doing homework. Meal times are a good time for family members to talk with each other, not for watching television. Encourage discussions with your children about what they are seeing as you watch shows with them. Point out positive behavior, such as cooperation, friendship, and concern for others. While watching, make connections to history, books, places of interest, and personal events. Talk about your personal and family values as they relate to the show. Ask children to compare what they are watching with real events. Talk about the realistic consequences of violence. Discuss the role of advertising and its influences on buying. Encourage your child to be involved in hobbies, sports, and peers. With proper guidance, your child can learn to use television in a healthy and positive way. This study is aimed to satisfy the desire of the researchers to know the influences of television in young children, up to now as their core of behavior and values go.

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