Understanding the expected development for children and young persons from birth to 19? Explain the sequence and rate of development from birth to 19 years:- Emotional and social development
Emotional development is the expected pattern of a Childs ability to feel and express and increa vsing range of emotions. Social and behavioural development is the expected growth pattern of a child’s ability to relate to the world around them. There are various theories and models that show the different aspects of the development stages. I have combined these and below is my understanding of these. Birth-3 years
At this stage a baby is trying to develop an attachment to the primary care giver, because of the limited language skills a baby posses it use its vocal chords to cry and scream for attention hoping that the primary care giver will notice that there is something wrong and intervene and meet there needs weather that be to feed, to change or to give love. When babies start to see, they start to take notice of familiar faces and in normal circumstances the baby starts to smile at those people. This is a crucial time for developing attachments. Psychologist John Bowlby was the first attachment theorist, describing attachment as a "lasting psychological connectedness between human beings" (Bowlby, 1969, p. 194). Bowlby believed that the earliest bonds formed by children with their caregivers have a tremendous impact that continues throughout life. According to Bowlby, attachment also serves to keep the infant close to the mother, thus improving the child's chances of survival. At around 6 months old a baby will start to motion for there primary care giver to pick them up, at this stage the baby will start to babble to mum/dad as a form of communication, babies of this age are receptive to simple games like peek a boo and tickle games. By 1 years of age a child is trying to distinguish its place within the family dynamics and is able to work out who is in the family circle and understand that these people will look after them if needed. Also at this stage a child will know his/hers name and will respond to him/her being called by care givers. They will also be able to understand simple instructions By 18 months to 2 years a child’s development has developed at an extraordinary rate they are able to show a whole range of emotions from empathy to frustration. They will know who there primary and secondary care givers are and also act accordingly if someone around them is upset, If at nursery they will be able to maintain friendships although still fragile ones. By 3 years of age a child will have learned to control their emotional and physical abilities slightly better, they are able to cope with social situations and have a better understanding of how to act in certain situations. They may have the ability to play games and share property with siblings and peers. Children at this age are able to express there feelings and thoughts through use of language, as apposed to becoming disruptive or misbehaved. 4-7 years
By this age most children would have started pre-school/ school and are able to maintain a state of independence and are able to recognize that they are part of a peer group. By this age most children are able to interact happily with those around them. When children of this age are tired/ill/hurt they still look to there main care givers for the attention they need. At this stage in a child’s life they will prefer to be individually competitive instead of sharing in team games, they will look to win in every occasions but when they loose they will be able to have more control over there emotions. 8-12 years
At this stage the expected cognitive level is extensive, children will usually be able to have an extensive vocabulary and will have a good grasp of their native language and for those children who live in multi cultural societies might even be able to be bilingual, children at this stage will be able to...
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