Foreign Policy in West Africa

Topics: West Africa, Africa, Atlantic slave trade Pages: 18 (5900 words) Published: February 21, 2014


Foreign Policy Article: Published by Kingsley C. Onyenankeya December 5, 2011 SUNY EMPIRE STATE
Kingsley: Beijing Foreign policy in West Africa 1


Executive Summary

Concept and Assumptions

Methods of Argumentation

Theoretical and Policy Prescriptions



Kingsley: Beijing Foreign policy in West Africa 2 Executive Summary

China's increase involvement in West Africa over the past decade is one of the most significant recent developments in the region. It appears to redirect the idea of marginalization of West Africa and Africa as a continent, which brings significant political consequences. Beijing's West Africa interest is part of a recently more active strategy based on its booming economic growth, the need to search for a new source of raw materials, and a new source to market its manufactured goods. Beijing more recent policy practice in West Africa has been the one of multi-polarity and non-intervention. As a global demand for energy continues to rise, major economic powerful nations like China, the United States, the European Union and Japan move to secure long term energy supplies. Beijing as its economy booms, it is committed in getting the resources needed for the maintenance of its rapid economic growth, and is taking the search to close down sources of raw materials and oil in West Africa and Africa as a continent. As part of an effort to lock down sources of raw materials, Beijing has turned to West Africa, an abundant place of raw materials and oil, whose risk and challenges has caused it to be mostly abandoned and economically overlooked. Increased aid, debt cancellation, and a recent explosion of trade transactions with a strategic focus on oil, have proven mutually advantageous to Beijing and West African states (Africapractice, Isaac idun-Arkhust and James Laing, p.7). By offering aid without preconditions or strings attached, Beijing has presented an alternative to Western conditional aid and gained influence and Kingsley: Beijing Foreign policy in West Africa 3 diplomatic support to defend its international interest in the continent. However, a general relationship differing from past African- Western patterns, alongside support of authoritarian regimes and governments at the expense of human rights, make the economic consequence of increased Beijing involvement in West Africa and Africa as a continent intertwined at best, while the political outcome will prove to be unsustainable. China's economy has grown at an average rate of 9 per cent annually since the last 3 decades and its energy consumption has tripled and...

References: Alden, and Chris (2005, pp.147-64, Vol. 47, No.3) China in Africa
Aicardi de Saint Paul, Marc (2004) Atlas on Regional Integration in West Africa
Evans S. Medeiros, (October 2006). Chinese foreign policy, The African Dimension
Ecowas-SWAC/OECD (2006, December)
Ian Taylor, (School of International Relations, University of St Andrews) China 's New Role in Africa
Isaac Idun-Arkhust and James Laing, ( AfricapracticeApril 26, 2007) The impact of Chinese
presence in Africa
Jonathan (2006), African and Asian Studies, Vol.5, No2
Kingsley: Beijing Foreign policy in West Africa 23
Micheal Meidan (November 2006), China 's Africa Policy: Business Now, Politics Later
Princeton N. Lyman (July 21, 2005) Council on Foreign Relations, China 's Rising Role in Africa
Stephanie Hanson (June 6, 2008)
Taylor Ian, (2006 Vol.82, No 5, p. 937-59) China 's Oil Diplomacy in Africa
Wen Jian and Jing Jing, February 18, 2010 (Deepening Chinese Stakes in West Africa, the Case of Ghana)
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