four planes of development age 6 to 12 by Dr. Maria Montessori.

Topics: Child development, Jean Piaget, Developmental psychology Pages: 6 (1963 words) Published: July 25, 2014
Context page
page 1: Cover page
Page 2: Context page
Page 3: Key words
Page 4: Key words
Page 5: Introduction, physical development
Page 6: Physical development, social development
Page 7: Social development, emotional development, spiritual development Page 8: Spiritual development, intellectual development
Page 9: Intellectual development, conclusion
Page 10: Bibliography

Key words
absorbent mind: first plane of development where the child has the capability to absorb large amounts of information with ease, as they are sensitive to specific skills characteristic: distinguishing feature or qualities of something childhood development: Child development refers to the biological, psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence emotional development: the development of a full range of emotions from sad to happy to angry, and learning to deal with them appropriately. fine motor: is the action involving the small muscles of the hands, as in handwriting, sewing or knitting. four planes of development: Dr. Montessori saw the human being going through four planes, or stages, of development with each plane having unique characteristics and opportunities for learning gross motor: Gross motor involves the large muscles of the body, as in walking, running or swimming. intellectual development: being capable of analysing understanding and evaluating concepts to make sense out of the world around them moral sense: the ability to distinguish between right and wrong. physical development: is the development of the body and organs. prosocial behaviour: or "voluntary behaviour intended to benefit another", consists of actions which "benefit other people or society as a whole," "such as helping, sharing, donating, co-operating, and volunteering social development: refers to an alteration in the social order of a society this may include nature, social institutions, social behaviours, or social relations spiritual development: is a journey in maturity of an individual’s identity from spiritual infancy to spiritual adulthood. In this process, the secular mind decreases as the sacred increases through a series of disciplines.

In this academic paper we are going to look at the child age six to twelve and the characteristic the child posses in one of four planes of development by Dr. Maria Montessori. Within this plane of development I will be explaining physical, social, emotional, spiritual and cognitive development of the child and how this develops throughout childhood. For many children, these years from six to twelve are the glory years a time of “calm and steady growth” and “expansion of interests”. At this development plane called “childhood development or the age of serenity-rudeness” (notes, 4th February, Connelly A) children experience a major transformation. This transformation leads from the sponge-like absorbent mind of early childhood to the reasoning, thinking adult mind. What I understand is that the absorbent mind, learning happened almost automatically, but the “reasoning mind” needs to be consciously somewhat forced in to the learning process. First we are going to look at physical development of the child between 6 and 12 years. “Physical growth over all is slow but still steady, this is the time where girls are generally taller than boys. Another gender difference is that boys out preform girls in certain physical task.” Girls may also out preform boys in some tasks. “Muscle coordination and control are uneven and incomplete in the early stages, but children become almost as coordinated as adults by the end of middle childhood. Gross motor development is one factor that improves at this stage because of the muscle co-ordination and strength that develops over time”.(Bailey, D.R. iTunesU) “There are some known gross motor deferences between genders that is, girls are superior in accuracy movements as where boys are...

Bibliography: Bailey, D.R. 2011. PSYC 209. Life cycle development. iTunes U
Connelly, A. 4 February 2013. Lecture notes, methodology.
Dr. Meyer, J. 2013. Lecture 17. Principals op human development, Missouri state university. iTunes U
Dr. Meyer, J. 2013. Lecture 18. Principals op human development, Missouri state university. iTunes U
Dr. Meyer, J. 2013. Lecture 19. Principals op human development, Missouri state university. iTunes U
Montessori, M. 1967. To educate the human potential, Clio Montessori series:
Kalakshetra Publications
Montessori, M. 1949. The absorbent mind, Printed by C. Subbarayudu, at the Vasanta Press, The Theosophical Society, Adyar, Madras
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