Functional Areas of Business Paper
Vanessa A. Estebane
September 29, 2014
Functional Areas of Business Paper
Corporate America today has evolved into what can be seen as a world of its own. There are many different factors that play into a business and how a business functions. A manager is a key ingredient to a functional business; this will be a detailed analysis of how a manager is important to different areas of business as a whole. The functional areas of business include; management, law, human resource management, leadership, accounting, finance, economics, research and statistics, operations management, marketing, and strategic planning. For the purposes of this paper the author has elected to discuss only specific areas in which a manager plays a vital role, although a manager falls into all of the areas above there are specific areas in which a manager plays a larger role than others. Management
There are many different views and opinions about the definition and role of a manager. The question in most employees’ minds is “What is a manager, and what is the role of a manager?” This question is difficult to answer as there are many different factors that play into the actual role of a manager. Based on the MBA Overview Module provided in the MGT/521 class, management is the practice in which a person coordinates and oversees others work in order to ensure that organizational goals are accomplished, managers are present to ensure business success by using employees wisely to make a successful business. Based on this definition it is evident that a manager is available or should be available to provide employees with the necessary coaching or training to make employees successful. In turn if the employees are successful so is the business. There have been hundreds of thousands of articles and journals in which different studies were conducted to reflect the vital role of a manager within business, these studies can provide a deeper look into what a manager role is and how a manager can provide his or her employees with the proper tools for success. Human Resource Management
As a manager it is important to understand where the proper tools for success are found and dig deep to get employees those tools. Human resource management is the department that can help managers provide the tools necessary and much more. This area of business is extremely important to a functional business and to manager. Human resource management is used by all managers to provide employees with a strong backbone and to help with training and proper compensation for work. It can also be used to hire new employees and to run through a disciplinary process if necessary. This department helps keep the manager and the employees safe from any unfair practices and allows the manger to use his or her leadership skills to help employees accomplish organization goals (University of Phoenix Online Learning System, 2014). Leadership
The traditional views on management fall into two categories of conceptual framework which include; behaviors and formal design. Managers have different behaviors based on personality, traits, and character. However, some of the big concerns when discussing leadership include; poor communication between managers and employees, lack of motivation, difficulties with change, and low performance or productivity (Henning & Mosley, 1970). This correlates with the MBA Overview Module as leadership covers a large variety of areas in which a manager can help inspire and motivate employees. Leadership is all about the behaviors a manager takes to influence employees to achieve organizational goals (Pavett, 1983). A manager does not need to be focused on certain areas such as; being a controller, a planner, an organizer, and a leader. If a manager focuses on his or her own behaviors as well as the behaviors of employees this is when a true leader is born. Most managers fail to see their own...
References: Henning, D. A., & Mosley, R. L. (1970). Authority Role of a Functional Manager: The Controller. Administrative Science Quarterly, 15(4), 482-489.
Pavett, C. M. (1983). Managerial Work: The Influence of Hierarchical Level and Functional Specialty. Academy of Management Journal, 26(1), 170-177.
University of Phoenix Online Learning System. (2014). MBA Overview Module. Retrieved from http://ecampus.phoenix.edu/secure/aapd/SB/MGT521/JSRadialMenu/index.html
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