Categories of Play
There are 6 categories overall, when it comes to the categories of play.
The first one is Physical which obviously consists of the child’s physiology. So muscle development would be improved through play and this can include gross motor skills as a whole. According to Fisher (2007), running, jumping, climbing skipping, swimming and the use of large equipment e.g. tricycles and other climbing frames and so on, can all help strengthen their leg muscles, arm muscles and others. However, to prevent a child from getting hurt, precautions need to be put in place and remain there at all times, such as impact- absorbent surfaces. Children need to explore the world and they may not have perfect balance yet and therefore, these provisions need to be in place. As the child gets older, games that require more physical energy and agility such as riding bicycles, skipping and games e.g. football, hockey and so on will be more appropriate as to begin with, a child needs to gradually develop their physical abilities, from a very young age, this will mainly include fine motor skills and developing the ability to pick up small objects and place them somewhere else however as the child begins to take their first steps then they will require toys that aid their movement such as walkers that have interactive buttons to encourage play. Further development will include running, jumping and more energetic movements that only bigger team games and larger play equipment will meet the needs of. Therefore the child’s gross and fine motor skills are all met meaning the child develops all areas of their physical requirements. Balance and coordination will also be improved from games that involve movement as well as an awareness of speed, distance and size when playing throw and catch games or catch games, they’ll learn to determine the distance and speed at which the ball is moving; this can be considered intellectual development. Finally, the emotional and social development can include boosting of self- esteem and confidence as the child will experience the satisfaction of doing physical activity and see the benefits of releasing tension and anger and finally, although most the games will not be social, they will still sometimes experience the need of taking turns and sharing with other children. (Moonie 2006)
The next category is Creative and this can include several activities such as painting, drawing, role- play and music and much more. Children learn many skills from this type of play and the opportunities are almost endless as the child can stretch their imagination huge amounts and print their thoughts and feelings down on paper or act them out for friends and family to watch. Children often gain satisfaction from the end result of this type of play as they have a lot of independent play time, in which they can explore what they want, how they want. Colouring books or simply pens and paper are good tools in helping develop a child’s creative play. Children can progress physically from this category of play as painting and drawing will develop their fine motor skills by picking up objects to paint with and it will also develop their hand- eye coordination, improving their writing skills. Next is their intellectual development which includes an improvement over their language skills after language development is influenced from writing skills. Emotional progress includes the child’s ability to begin to show feelings and emotions through role play and acting out their thoughts. Finally, social development will look at the way a child plays with and socializes with others when acting out things or drawings things and their decisions in sharing their materials with others but also whether they’re well- mannered around others and are patient in terms of helping each other and playing with one another. (Moonie 2006)
Next is Imaginative and this category involves pretend play, make believe and role play and so on so the...
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