THIS WILL TALK ABOUT THE EDUCATION AND CULTURE WHICH ARE THE FACTORS THAT GOVERNS DEVELOPMENT
What is Child Development?
Child development is a process every child goes through. This process involves learning and mastering skills like sitting, walking, talking, skipping, and tying shoes. There are 5 main areas of development:
Speech and Language Development
Social and Emotional Development
Gross Motor Skill Development
Fine Motor Skill Development
Development delay is where a child has not learnt the skills that are expected at that time point. Development delay can occur in any of the 5 areas.
For example, a child would be expected to walk between 9 and 15 months, and a child that cannot walk by 20 months would be
considered to have a developmental delay.
What causes developmental delay?
Biological- such as genetic or
(Downs Syndrome) or illness
Social- such as a child’s life
experiences or exposure to
harmful chemicals or parenting
Factors that Governs Development:
Education affects children’s physical, emotional intellectual and social development.
Children benefit from larger play spaces and better equipment. This improves coordination and gross motor skills
Children learn to mix and socialise with other children
Staff are trained to promote cognitive development, introducing concepts like numbers and shape
Fine motor skills can be developed through playing with dough, paint and by writing
Can promote self-confidence and esteem
Esteem is linked to a positive education experience: where children are unhappy because they have not made friends, been bullied or are low achieving this can lead to low esteem
Develop a sense of belonging
Stimulating activities such as jigsaws, modelling and books can improve development
Factors that Governs Development:
A child’s culture can affect their development.
In some cultures girls aren’t encouraged to take part in physical play and activities while boys are encouraged to be outside more and boisterous
Family may be very important. They may spend a lot of time with family members and friends
The importance of play can vary. Some families will place great interest in education and encourage children to do homework
Children who have a wider supportive network can feel more secure
Boys may develop more gross motor skills while girls develop more fine motor skills
Education can be seen as better for boys, or as ‘girlish’. This affects attitudes to learning, concentration and activities children engage in.
Children whose culture is a minority can face discrimination and isolation; this leads to lower self-esteem as they don't have friends or may get bullied
Families differ in the amount of emphasis they place on physical activity and children sitting being taught
THIS WILL EXPLAIN THE SKILLS EMERGE AT CERTAIN POINTS OF
Psychoanalytic theories are those influenced by the work of
Sigmund Freud, who believed in the importance of the unconscious mind and childhood experiences. Freud's contribution to
developmental theory was his proposal that development occurs through a series of psychosexual stages.
Theorist Erik Erikson expanded upon Freud's ideas by proposing a stage theory of psychosocial development. Erikson's theory focused on conflicts that arise at different stages of development and, unlike Freud's...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document