Intellectual and language development

Topics: Infant, Sign language, Moro reflex Pages: 5 (1114 words) Published: March 3, 2015
Intellectual and language development

Introduction

Intellectual development is what a child think’s about and how they understand the world. It is the way in which a child takes in and processes information and familiarizes themselves with objects and other people in the attempt to learn about the world around them. The two main areas of intellectual development are cognitive development and language development.

Cognitive development is involved of infants and young children's ability to process the world around them through taste, touch, sound, smells and sight and language development is a unique skill that allows children to communicate with others.

Age
Language
Cognitive
Birth-1month
The baby responds to sound
They make eye contact
Babies need to co-operate with others from birth onwards
The baby moves their eyes towards the direction of sound
Babies cry to indicates needs. Eg- hunger
Touch
Babies feel pain from birth
Babies face hand and soles are sensitive to touch
The baby give a startle response if they are moved suddenly (Moro reflex) Sound
Babies often stop crying and listens to a human voice
Babies react more to high sounds
Taste
Babies like sweet tastes
Smell
Babies turn to the smell of milk
Sight
Babies can focus on objects 20cm away
The baby is sensitive to light
Babies like staring at human faces
The baby will intimate facial expressions

1-4 months
The baby recognises familiar objects
The baby cries become more expressive
The baby starts to make different noises
The baby becomes distressed by sudden noises
They baby licks their lips when they hear the sound of food preparation The baby cries with anger to show they are hungry or tired
The baby listens to peoples voices
Babies are comforted by voices that they are familiar with
The baby recognises different speech sounds
Babies know the smell of their mothers.
Babies link objects with their known sounds
The baby can imitate low or high pitched sounds

4-6 months
Babies become more aware of others so they start to communicate more The baby begins to use vowels, consonant and syllable sounds They baby will begin to laugh
As the baby listens they will react to the tone of someone’s voice The baby will rather look at bright colours
They baby can develop their favourite tastes
They will start to co-ordinate more such as reaching, grasping and sucking The baby knows that they have one mother
The baby realises that people are permanent before they realise objects are 6-9 months
Babies begin to repeat sounds
Babies begin to understand words
Babbles become more tuneful

The baby understands signs
The baby shows that objects exist even when they are out of sight They become more fascinated by the way objects move
9-12 months
The baby can follow simple instructions
Word approximations appear
The tuneful babble develops into jargon
The babble becomes very expressive
The baby knows words stand for people, objects and what they do They begin to develop images
The baby can anticipate the future
They baby gives some understanding of routine daily sequences The baby imitate action, sounds and gestures

1 year
The child begins to talk with words or sign language
The child enjoys trying to sing
The child has a big interest in books with pictures
The child echoes the last part of what others say
The child begins waving his or her arms up and down
Gestures start to develop

The child understands the names of objects
The child can follow instructions
They learn about trail and error
They start to scribble on paper
The child often talks to themselves while playing
They child uses toys to represents things in real life

2 year
Children become confident speakers
The child over extends the use of words
The child talks about and absent object
The child uses phrases
The child can follow requests
The child wants to share songs and dance with you
The child memory skills improve
The...
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