Unit 2 The Developing Child
Children's expected stage of social development at the age of 4 says that children show a sense of humour, both in talk and in activities. This happens by children laughing at something the teacher may of done e.g. dropping something or doing a funny song/action at primary school. Children also begin to laugh when their working if the funny child maybe says or does something funny. Children at the age of 4 like to be independent and are strong willed this means they are determining to do something that may not be expectable at the time. An example of this would be staying up late when they know they will have to be up early for school the next day.
However, when children are at primary school they like to play and be with other children, they may not necessary be in their friendship group but they will begin to do activities with them or begin to play together. This sense of play is normally pretend play for example mummy and daddy’s. Also at the age of 4 their expected stage of social development shows that they begin to give listen to others and show a sense of eye contact when listening to the teacher or listening to children when they are speaking. Children at the age of 4 also begin to share with others but may not understand fully why they need to do this.
Children's expected stage of social development at the age of 5 says that children begin to show sympathy and begin to comfort friends who are hurt of upset. They show sympathy by hugging there friends, patting their back when a child may be crying or playing with them at playtime so there not alone. Children also like age 4 children enjoy playing with others in activities or at play. Children at the age of 5 begin to start choosing their friendship groups and who they would like to be friends with. An example of 5 years old picking their friends is, inviting them to their birthday as they tend to choose the girls/boys in their friendship group. At this age children start to play with members of their own sex, which may link to their understanding of gender roles.
Children age 5 also begin to show their feelings more deeply, weather they are sad, happy, nervous or exited and this helps them to create a bond with the teachers, parents or carers when they are explaining how they are feeling. Most children at the age of 5 begin to use complex sentences and questions. This includes them using the correct punctuations like capital letters, full stops and finger spaces, they also begin to develop writing letters correctly to put them into a sentence.
When observing children a suitable method of observing and recording the social development is using the narrative observation. A narrative observation is a good way of observing children's social development as its written up like a true story. It allows the observer to note down what a child is doing for a short period of time. It can provide a “snapshot” of a child and is a little like filming them. A narrative observation is always written in the present tense and describes what happening, how and where. A narrative observation goes into a lot of detail explaining what the child is doing right at that time e.g. child A is talking to child B about what picture their going to draw together for their friendship work.
A advantage of a narrative observation is looking for and recording the significant behaviour and ignoring the rest. This would mean when observing a child social development you wouldn't write about their physical skills, e.g. Child A can pick up a pencil and begin to write a sentence. When writing a narrative observation you only stick to one topic weather that's their social, emotional, physical or learning development.
A disadvantage of a narrative observation is that you may be interrupted by the children along the way and cannot record accurately. When recording a child's social development it is important that you have focus...
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