Level 2 Certificate
Supporting Teaching and Learning in Schools
Unit 201 – Child and young person development
Feedback to candidate:
Action to be taken by candidate:
Unit 201 – 1.1b, Unit 203 – 3.1 – Development of speech Match the developmental stage and age to the relevant picture 0 – 6 Months
Begins to use vowels and consonants
Example: ‘dada’, by ten months understands about 18 words, begins to point, and enjoys speech games such as ‘round and round the garden.’ 6 – 12 Months
Crying, coos, gurgles, and differentiates tone of voice, beginning to smile, later laughs, babbles.
1 – 2 Years
Telegraphic speech or telegraphase, echolalia. Progress from simple sentences to fluency. 2 – 4 Years
Understands speech and simple instructions with gestures, ‘come to daddy’ and ‘clap hands’ speaks two to six or more recognisable words echolalia, holophrase. 4 – 5 Years
Can talk about past/future, talks fluently, asks questions, interested in reading/writing, asks about abstract words, recognises name, attempts to write.
6 – 8 Years
Increased ability to speak, express ideas, highly verbal, enjoy telling jokes, read with increased fluency, able to write fairly long essays. 8 – 12 Years
Adolescents experience a major shift in thinking from the concrete to the abstract- adults way of thinking, about possibilities, through hypothesis, metacognition, fast legible style of handwriting. 12 – 16 Years
Grammatically correct for most part, able to express themselves in speech and writing.
Unit 201 – 1.2p – Child Development
Every child is unique. However, all children follow basic patterns of growth and development, from infancy and early childhood through middle childhood and on to adolescence. Issues regarding teething, bedwetting, toilet training, thumb sucking and temper tantrums are faced by most parents.
While there are guidelines for the developmental stages (eg speech or language, learning and play), a delay in these areas does not always indicate a medical problem.
Healthy children develop at their own pace, and it is normal for some to achieve various developmental milestones earlier or later than others. The time frames used in development charts should serve as a rough estimate rather than an exact schedule of how early childhood development will unfold. Parents looking for a specific behaviour at a specific time should observe the child over one month.
Normal growth and development encompasses all of the changes that occur from the moment conception takes place until a child reaches adulthood. For most of pregnancy, an embryo or foetus is unable to survive outside the mother's body. At birth, infants have many systems functioning, such as cardiovascular, respiratory and digestive, but they cannot survive on their own.
Throughout childhood, enormous physical, emotional, cognitive and behavioural changes occur as babies go from being dependent on their parents for all of their needs to becoming independent adolescents, capable of functioning alone and reproducing themselves.
Cognition consists of the perceptual and intellectual tools we use to learn about and navigate our world. The field of Cognitive Development is the study of what these processes are, how they develop throughout the lifespan and how they are related to meaningful life activities such as school, work, and social relationships.
The learning process is based upon cognitive abilities. For example, reading requires visual thinking and logical thinking to give meaning to the words on the page. Visual thinking is the way we mentally construct images or models of what we are reading. Logical reasoning helps us to organize the concepts and facts into relevant groups and order them by importance. Some children are able to decode the words on the page but not sufficiently comprehend their meaning or relevance....
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