Topics: Jean Piaget, Childhood, Child development Pages: 5 (1246 words) Published: October 23, 2013
Understand Child and young person development

1. Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth-19 years

As a nursery practitioner I should know the sequence and rate of each development from birth-19 years of age. I have discovered that the sequence of development: broadly the same sequence and normal ranges of development. Something I studied, that I thought was very interesting, was the Kohlberg’s stages of moral development. He says that he agreed with Piaget's theory of moral development in principle but wanted to develop his ideas further. Here are some of the development stages I have discovered for children 0-19 years old, they are ; 1.3 Years of age

• Sleeps 20 hours a day
• Crying – main form of communication (fosters early interaction) • Begins to have distinct facial expressions
• Moves around more
• Visual and oral exploration
• Cries, coos, and grunts
• Recognizes parents
• Laughs
• Sits without support
• Repeats words
• Runs
• Toilet training
• Vocabulary of more than 200 words
• Temper tantrums
• Does opposite of what is told
• Expresses negative feelings
• Can jump
• Uses short sentences
• Copies parents’ actions
• Gives orders
• Sense of humour

3 –7Years
• Likes to share
• Plays with other children
• Curiosity – asks many “why” and “how” questions • Begins dramatic play (acting out whole scenes)
• Can sing a song
• Skips
• Dresses himself/herself
• Talks clearly
• Uses adult sounds
• Growing independence
• Common fears include the unknown, failure, family problems, rejection, and death • Friends are most commonly the same sex
• Begins to see others’ point of view more clearly
7 – 12 Years
• Trying to find his/her identity
• Rapid body changes from puberty (girls mature before boys) • Moodiness
• Shyness
• Greater interest in privacy
12-16 years
• Self-involvement
• Complains that parents get in the way of his/her independence • Very concerned with appearance, body, and sexual attractiveness • Changes relationships often
16-19 years
• Firmer identity
• Can delay gratification
• Thinks ideas through
• Expresses feelings in words

However it’s also important to know what the difference between the sequences is because children’s development is holistic. Every child will develop differently and at different stages. Some aspects of development affect another. Everyone develops at different rates so it’s good to know the differences, so you know every child’s individual development stage.

2. Understand the factors that influence children and young people’s developments and how these affect practice

Children’s development is influenced by a range of personal development. For example, children with disabilities or learning difficulties may sadly be bullied because people might think they are different from others but children that get bullied, may be influenced to gain motivation to do better. Other ways a child development is influenced is by adult expectations, social and cultural. Theories of development and frameworks affect practice. For example, Skinner, he said to encourage natural, desirable behaviours through reinforcement. Skinner introduced a new term into the Law of Effect - Reinforcement. Behavior which is reinforced tends to be behavior which is not reinforced tends to die out-or be extinguished. Skinner also said that Punishment is defined as the opposite of reinforcement since it is designed to weaken or eliminate a response rather than increase it. Like reinforcement, punishment can work either by directly applying an unpleasant stimulus like a shock after a response or by removing a potentially rewarding stimulus, for instance, deducting someone’s pocket money to punish undesirable behavior

3. Understand how to monitor children and young people’s development and interventions that should take place if this is not following the expected pattern

There are many methods of monitoring...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Miss Brill Essay
  • Miss Brill Essay
  • Essay about Miss Havisham
  • Miss Brill Essay
  • Miss Brill Essay
  • Essay about Miss Julie
  • Essay about “Miss Brill”
  • little miss sunshine Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free