Multiple Choice Questions Choose The Best

Topics: Logic, Reasoning, Argumentative Pages: 4 (676 words) Published: December 27, 2014


Multiple Choice Questions: Choose the best answer.

1. Arguments that try to prove their conclusions with rigorous, inescapable logic are __________. a. logically reliable
b. inductive
c. abductive
d. deductive

2. An argument in which the conclusion is claimed to follow probably from the premises is __________. a. implicative
b. inductive
c. deductive
d. none of the above

3. Which of the following is not a common induction indicator word or phrase? a. it logically follows that
b. likely
c. chances are that
d. none of the above

4. If the conclusion of an argument follows with strict logical necessity from its premises, then the argument should be regarded as __________. a. inductive
b. deductive
c. both a and b
d. neither a nor b

5. Which of the following is not a common pattern of deductive reasoning? a. statistical argument
b. categorical syllogism
c. argument from elimination
d. argument by definition

6. Denying the antecedent arguments have the following pattern: a. If A then B; if B then C; so, if A then C.
b. If A then B; not A; so, not B.
c. If A then B; not B; so, not A.
d. If not A, then not B; not A; so, not B.

7. The argument “If I want to improve my thinking skills, I better study critical thinking; I do want to improve my thinking skills; therefore, I better study critical thinking” is an example of __________. a. an argument by elimination

b. a hypothetical syllogism
c. a chain argument
d. a categorical syllogism

8. The argument “No rappers are opera singers; no opera singers are professional wrestlers; so, no rappers are professional wrestlers” is an example of a. a categorical syllogism.
b. an argument from definition.
c. a hypothetical syllogism.
d. a chain argument.

9. The argument “Either I can get you a magazine or I can get you a novel; I know you don’t want to have the magazine; so, I’ll get you a novel” is an example of a. a hypothetical syllogism.
b. a categorical syllogism....
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